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Mishnayos Chagigah Perek 2 Mishnah 3

חגיגה פרק ב׳ משנה ג׳


Beit Shammai say: One may bring peace-offerings on a Festival because both the owners and the priests partake of them, but one may not place his hands on them, on the peace-offerings before sacrificing them. However, one may not bring burnt-offerings at all because they are not eaten, and labor is permitted on Festivals only for the sake of preparing food for humans. And Beit Hillel say: One may bring peace-offerings and also burnt-offerings, and one places his hands on both of them.

בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מְבִיאִין שְׁלָמִים וְאֵין סוֹמְכִין עֲלֵיהֶם, אֲבָל לֹא עוֹלוֹת. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, מְבִיאִין שְׁלָמִים וְעוֹלוֹת וְסוֹמְכִין עֲלֵיהֶם:


מביאין שלמים – Festival peace-offerings, because there was a need through them for food for the commoner.

ואין סומכין עליהם – but he presses hands [on the head of the sacrifice, to demonstrate ownership] while it is still daylight. For we do not require “and he laid hands and slaughtered, that immediately following laying of the hands is the slaughtering.

אבל לא עולות – the individual burnt-offering, and even the burnt-offering of appearance [in the Temple], for he is able to offer it on the rest of the days of the festival, as the Biblical verse says, (Numbers 29:35): “[On the eighth day] you shall hold a solemn gathering; [you shall not work at your occupations],” for yourselves but not for “On-High” (i.e., God).

ובית הלל אומרים מביאין – Festival peace-offerings and burnt offerings of appearance [in the Temple], as it is written (Deuteronomy 16:8): “[After eating unleavened bread six days,] you shall hold a solemn gathering for the LORD [you God on the seventh day: you shall do no work],” everything is for God, but vows and free-will donations, whether [they are] burnt-offerings or peace offerings, it is the words of all [Sages] that they are not offered on the Festivals.

מביאים שלמים. שלמי חגיגה, לפי שיש בהם צורך אכילה להדיוט:

ואין סומכין עליהם. אלא סומך עליהן מבעוד יום. דלא בעינן וסמך ושחט תכף לסמיכה שחיטה:

אבל לא עולות. עולת יחיד, ואפילו עולת ראיה. שהרי יכול להקריבה בשאר ימות הרגל דאמר קרא (במדבר כ״ט:ל״ה) עצרת תהיה לכם, לכם ולא לגבוה:

ובית הלל אומרים מביאין. שלמי חגיגה ועולות ראייה. דכתיב (דברים ט״ז:ח׳) עצרת לה׳, כל דלה׳. אבל נדרים ונדבות, בין עולות בין שלמים דברי הכל אין קריבין ביו״ט: