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Mishnayos Bava Metzia Perek 8 Mishnah 9

בבא מציעא פרק ח׳ משנה ט׳


In the case of one who rented out a house to another, and then the house fell, the landlord is obligated to provide the renter with another house. If the original house was small, the landlord may not construct a large house as a replacement, and if the original was large, he may not construct a small house as a replacement. If the original had one room, he may not construct the replacement with two rooms, and if the original had two rooms, he may not construct the replacement with one. He may not reduce the number of windows, nor add to them, except with the agreement of both of them.

הַמַּשְׂכִּיר בַּיִת לַחֲבֵרוֹ וְנָפַל, חַיָּב לְהַעֲמִיד לוֹ בָּיִת. הָיָה קָטָן, לֹא יַעֲשֶׂנּוּ גָדוֹל, גָּדוֹל, לֹא יַעֲשֶׂנּוּ קָטָן. אֶחָד, לֹא יַעֲשֶׂנּוּ שְׁנַיִם, שְׁנַיִם, לֹא יַעֲשֶׂנּוּ אֶחָד. לֹא יִפְחֹת מֵהַחַלּוֹנוֹת וְלֹא יוֹסִיף עֲלֵיהֶן, אֶלָּא מִדַּעַת שְׁנֵיהֶם:


חייב להעמיד לו בית – [for the days of his rental].

היה גדול לא יעשנו קטן וכו' – and he that showed him a house and said to him (i.e. the prospective renter): “a house like this one I will rent out to you,” but when he provides the house and says to him: “this house I am renting out to you,” and it falls, he is not liable to build it. But if he said to him an undefined/unspecified, he must provide him a place that is called a house, whether it is large or small.

חייב להעמיד לו בית. [לימי שכירתו]:

היה גדול לא יעשנו קטן וכו׳ והוא דהראה לו בית ואמר לו בית כזה אני משכיר לך. אבל העמידו על הבית ואמר לו בית זה אני משכיר לך, ונפל, אינו חייב לבנותו. ואם אמר לו בית סתם, יעמיד לו מקום שיקרא בית, בין גדול בין קטן: