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Mishnayos Bava Kamma Perek 9 Mishnah 10

בבא קמא פרק ט׳ משנה י׳


In the case of one who says to his son in a vow: It is forbidden like an offering [konam], and for that reason you may not derive benefit from my property, if the father then dies the son inherits from him, because it is no longer the father’s property once he dies. The mishna continues: If the father stated in his vow that his son may not derive benefit from his property in his life and in his death, then even if the father then dies the son does not inherit from him, as the prohibition is still in effect. And instead of taking his inheritance, he returns his portion in the estate to his sons or to his brothers. And if he does not have sufficient funds to subsist without his inheritance, he borrows money in the amount of the value of his share in the inheritance and the creditors come and are repaid from his share.

הָאוֹמֵר לִבְנוֹ, קוֹנָם אִי אַתָּה נֶהֱנֶה מִשֶּׁלִּי, אִם מֵת, יִירָשֶׁנּוּ. בְּחַיָּיו וּבְמוֹתוֹ, אִם מֵת, לֹא יִירָשֶׁנּוּ, וְיַחֲזִיר לְבָנָיו אוֹ לְאֶחָיו. וְאִם אֵין לוֹ, לֹוֶה, וּבַעֲלֵי חוֹב בָּאִים וְנִפְרָעִים:


ואם אין לו – [if he lacks] what he will eat, he borrows and eats, and the creditors come and recover the loan from his part of the estate. And it is not considered benefit that he pays off his debt with those money, for behold it is taught in the Mishnah in the Tractate Nedarim, Chapter 4, Mishnah 2 (Talmud Nedarim 33a) that one who has taken a vow of receiving benefit from his fellow, pays off his debt to him.

ואם אין לו. מה יאכל. לוה ואוכל. ובעלי חוב באים ונפרעים מן הירושה את חלקו. ולא חשיבא הנאה מה שפורע חובו באותם מעות, דהא תנן בנדרים [דף ל״ג] המודר הנאה מחבירו פורע לו חובו: