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Mishnayos Bava Basra Perek 8 Mishnah 8

בבא בתרא פרק ח׳ משנה ח׳


Similarly, if the father left adult and minor daughters but no sons, in which case his daughters inherit the estate, the adults are not provided for by using funds of the minors, and the minors are not sustained by using funds of the adults. Rather, they receive a share of the inheritance equally, and each daughter sees to her needs from her share. If the adult daughters married, the minor daughters marry, as the Gemara will explain. But if the minors say: We are marrying in the same manner that you adults married during our father’s lifetime, the court does not listen to them. This following halakha is a stringency with regard to daughters’ inheritance vis-à-vis sons’ inheritance: The halakha is that the daughters are sustained by using funds of the sons, as stipulated in their mother’s marriage contract, but they are not sustained by using funds of the other daughters.

הִנִּיחַ בָּנוֹת גְּדוֹלוֹת וּקְטַנּוֹת, אֵין הַגְּדוֹלוֹת מִתְפַּרְנְסוֹת עַל הַקְּטַנּוֹת וְלֹא הַקְּטַנּוֹת נִזּוֹנוֹת עַל הַגְּדוֹלוֹת, אֶלָּא חוֹלְקוֹת בְּשָׁוֶה. נָשְׂאוּ גְדוֹלוֹת, יִשְׂאוּ קְטַנּוֹת. וְאִם אָמְרוּ קְטַנּוֹת, הֲרֵי אָנוּ נוֹשְׂאוֹת כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁנְּשָׂאתֶם אַתֶּם, אֵין שׁוֹמְעִין לָהֶן. זֶה חֹמֶר בַּבָּנוֹת מִבַּבָּנִים, שֶׁהַבָּנוֹת נִזּוֹנוֹת עַל הַבָּנִים וְאֵין נִזּוֹנוֹת עַל הַבָּנוֹת:


הניח בנות – but not sons.

שהבנות נזונות מן הבנים – according to the conditions of the Jewish marriage contract/Ketubah, for the young daughters are not supported [at the expense of] the older daughters, and in a place where there are no sons who inherit, the daughters do not eat according to the conditions of the Ketubah but rather they divide it equally, and each one is supported from her own [portion] (see Tractate Ketubot, Chapter 6, Mishnah 6 for a comparison).

הניח בנות. ולא בנים:

שהבנות ניזונות מן הבנים. בתנאי כתובה. ואין בנות קטנות ניזונות מן הגדולות. דבמקום שאין בנים יורשים אין הבנות אוכלות בתנאי כתובה, אלא חולקות בשוה וכל אחת נזונת משלה: