Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Zevachim Perek 8 Mishnah 8

זבחים פרק ח׳ משנה ח׳


If the blood of unblemished offerings was mixed with the blood of blemished animals unfit for sacrifice, the entire mixture shall be poured into the Temple courtyard drain. This is the halakha when the fit and unfit blood were mixed in one vessel. By contrast, if a cup of the blood of a blemished offering was intermingled with cups of blood fit for offering and it is unclear which blood is in the cup, Rabbi Eliezer says: Although it is prohibited to present all the blood due to the uncertainty, if it happened that a priest already sacrificed, i.e., presented, one cup, the blood in all the other cups shall be sacrificed, as the blood that was presented is assumed to have come from the unfit cup in the mixture. And the Rabbis say: Even if the blood in all the cups was sacrificed except for one of them, the remaining blood shall be poured into the Temple courtyard drain.

דַּם תְּמִימִים בְּדַם בַּעֲלֵי מוּמִים, יִשָּׁפֵךְ לָאַמָּה. כּוֹס בְּכוֹסוֹת, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, קָרַב כּוֹס אֶחָד, יִקְרְבוּ כָל הַכּוֹסוֹת. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֲפִלּוּ קָרְבוּ כֻלָּם חוּץ מֵאַחַד מֵהֶן, יִשָּׁפֵךְ לָאַמָּה:


דם תמימים שנתערב בדם בעלי מומין ישפך לאמה – and in this, Rabbi Eliezer does not dispute, for he transgressed through their sprinkling because of (Leviticus 22:20): “You shall not offer any that has a defect.”

נתער בכוס שבכוסות – a cup of blood of an animal with a blemish with cups of kosher blood, and it is not known which cup of blood is that of a blemished animal.

ר' אליעזר אומר אם קרב אחד מהם כו' – in the manner that they disputed with the limbs [of kosher animals] and the limbs of animals with blemishes (see Mishnah 5 of this chapter), so they also disputed with regard to cups, as it is explained above. And it is necessary to dispute on both of them, for if we were to teach [only] regarding limbs, it is in this that Rabbi Eliezer states that they should be offered because their expiation is effected with the kosher [blood], that is, with the sprinkling of their blood which is the essence of the atonement, but regarding a cup [of one kind of blood] that was mixed with cups [of another kind of blood], that the essence of expiation is through deterioration, I would say, no. so both are necessary.

דם תמימים שנתערב בדם בעלי מומין ישפך לאמה. ובהא לא פליג ר׳ אליעזר, דעבר בזריקתן משום לא תקריבו:

נתערב כוס בכוסות. כוס דם של בעל מום בכוסות של דם כשר, ואין ידוע איזהו כוס של דם בעל מום:

ר׳ אליעזר אומר אם קרב אחד מהם כו׳. כדרך שנחלקו באברים ואברי בעלי מומין, כך נחלקו בכוסות, וכדפרישנא לעיל. וצריכא לאפלוגי בתרווייהו, דאי אשמועינן באברים, בהא קאמר רבי אליעזר יקרבו משום דאתעבידא כפרתן בהכשר, דהיינו זריקת דמן שהיא עיקר כפרה, אבל גבי כוס בכוסות דעיקר כפרה בקלקול, אימא לא, צריכא: