Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Zevachim Perek 6 Mishnah 1

זבחים פרק ו׳ משנה א׳


It was taught in the previous chapter that offerings of the most sacred order are to be slaughtered in the northern section of the Temple courtyard. With regard to offerings of the most sacred order that one slaughtered atop the altar, Rabbi Yosei says: Their status is as though they were slaughtered in the north, and the offerings are therefore valid. Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, says: The status of the area from the halfway point of the altar and to the south is like that of the south, and offerings of the most sacred order slaughtered in that area are therefore disqualified. The status of the area from the halfway point of the altar and to the north is like that of the north. Handfuls were removed from the meal offerings in any place in the Temple courtyard and were consumed within the area enclosed by the curtains by males of the priesthood, prepared in any form of food preparation that he chooses, e.g., roasted or boiled, for one day and night, until midnight.

קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים שֶׁשְּׁחָטָן בְּרֹאשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, כְּאִלּוּ נִשְׁחֲטוּ בַצָּפוֹן. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי בַּר יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, מֵחֲצִי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְלַצָּפוֹן, כַּצָּפוֹן. מֵחֲצִי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְלַדָּרוֹם, כַּדָּרוֹם. הַמְּנָחוֹת הָיוּ נִקְמָצוֹת בְּכָל מָקוֹם בָּעֲזָרָה, וְנֶאֱכָלִין לִפְנִים מִן הַקְּלָעִים לְזִכְרֵי כְהֻנָּה, בְּכָל מַאֲכָל, לְיוֹם וָלַיְלָה עַד חֲצוֹת:


קדשי קדשים כאילו נשחטו בצפון – as it is written (Exodus 20:21): “[Make for me an altar of earth] and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings and your sacrifices of well-being (i.e., peace-offerings),” all of it is fit/appropriate for a burnt offering and all of it is fit for peace-offerings/sacrifices of well-being, but even though the burnt-offering is required in the north.

מחצי המזבח ולצפון כצפון (from the midpoint [above] the altar to the north is deemed equivalent to the north)- for it implies that one-half of it is for your burnt-offerings and one-half of it is for your sacrifices of well-being. But if you were to think that all of it is for the burnt-offering, it is fit/appropriate, now that all of it is for the burnt-offering you stated that it is fit/appropriate, [or] all of it for sacrifices of well-being/peace-offerings, it requires that their slaughtering is in every place. And the other one (i.e., the burnt-offering), requires, you might think, that regarding the burnt-offering its place is pressed, that it would not be acceptable in other directions, but sometimes when the burnt-offerings are many and the place [for offering] is narrow for them, therefore, the top of the altar was made fit but sacrifices of well-being/peace-offerings where the place [for offering] is not pressed, the top of the altar was not made fit [for these sacrifices], it comes to tell us that this is incorrect. And the Halakha is according to Rabbi Yosi.

היו נקמצות בכל מקום – and they don’t require being in the north, for Scripture did not establish a place for taking a fistful of the meal offering.

לפנים מן הקלעים לזכרי כהונה – as it is written (Numbers 18:9): “[This shall be yours from the most holy sacrifices, the gifts:] every such gift that they render to Me as most holy sacrifices, namely, every grain offering, [purification offering, and reparation offering of theirs, shall belong to you and your sons],” and adjoining it (verse 10): “You shall partake of them in as most sacred donations: only males may eat them.”

ליום ולילה עד חצות – we derive it from the meal-offering of the thanksgiving breads.

קדשי קדשים. כאילו נשחטו בצפון. דכתיב (שם כ׳) וזבחת עליו את עולותיך ואת שלמיך, כולו כשר לעולה וכולו כשר לשלמים, ואע״ג דעולה טעונה צפון ואין שלמים טעונים צפון:

מחצי המזבח ולצפון כצפון. דמשמע ליה חציו לעולותיך וחציו לשלמיך. דאי סלקא דעתך כולו לעולה כשר, השתא כולו לעולה אמרת דכשר, כולו לשלמים ששחיטתן בכל מקום מיבעיא. ואידך, איצטריך, סלקא דעתך אמינא עולה דדחיק לה מקום, שלא הוכשרו לה שאר הרוחות, ופעמים שהעולות מרובות וצר להם המקום, לפיכך הכשיר להם ראש המזבח, אבל שלמים דלא דחיק להו המקום לא הכשיר להם ראש המזבח, קמ״ל. והלכה כרבי יוסי:

היו נקמצות בכל מקום. ואינם טעונות צפון. דלא קבע הכתוב מקום לקמיצה:

לפנים מן הקלעים לזכרי כהונה. דכתיב (במדבר י״ח) לכל קרבנם ולכל מנחתם, וסמיך ליה בקודש הקדשים תאכלנו כל זכר יאכל אותו:

ליום ולילה עד חצות. דילפינן ממנחת לחמי תודה: