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Mishnayos Zavim Perek 5 Mishnah 10

זבים פרק ה׳ משנה י׳


He who touches a dead sheretz, or semen, or he that has suffered corpse uncleanness, or a metzora during his days of counting, or hatat waters of insufficient quantity with which to perform the sprinkling, or carrion, or an object ridden upon [by a zav], defiles at one [remove] and disqualifies [terumah] at one [more remove]. This is the general principle: anyone who touches anything that according to the Torah is a "father of uncleanness" defiles at one [remove] and disqualifies [terumah] at one [more remove], except [for the corpse] of a human. If he had become separated, he defiles at one [remove] and renders [terumah] unfit at one [more remove].

הַנּוֹגֵעַ בְּשֶׁרֶץ וּבְשִׁכְבַת זֶרַע, וּבִטְמֵא מֵת, וּבִמְצֹרָע בִּימֵי סָפְרוֹ, וּבְמֵי חַטָּאת שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם כְּדֵי הַזָּיָה, וּבִנְבֵלָה, וּבְמֶרְכָּב, מְטַמֵּא אֶחָד וּפוֹסֵל אֶחָד. זֶה הַכְּלָל, כֹּל הַנּוֹגֵעַ בְּאַחַד מִכָּל אֲבוֹת הַטֻּמְאוֹת שֶׁבַּתּוֹרָה, מְטַמֵּא אֶחָד וּפוֹסֵל אֶחָד, חוּץ מִן הָאָדָם. פֵּרַשׁ, מְטַמֵּא אֶחָד וּפוֹסֵל אֶחָד:


ובנבילה ובמרכב – all of these are through carrying alone that they defile clothing, but not through touching/coming into contact. Therefore, a person who touches them even though he did not separate is not other than first-degree of Levitical impurity, and he defiles one (making non-holy produce second-degree of ritual impurity) and invalidates/makes unfit one (i.e., heave offering becomes unfit as it becomes third-degree of ritual impurity).

כל הנוגע- as for example food and vessels, for even with those that a person touches defiles two and invalidates/makes unfit one vessels that touch them defile one and invalidate one, and even at the time of their contact/touching.

חוץ מן האדם – that there is from them that if he touched them or carried, that he (as he is first-degree of ritual defilement) defiles two (making non-holy produce second-degree of ritual defilement) and invalidates one (making priest’s due/heave offering third degree of ritual impurity), like those that we stated above.

פירש – even a person, in all of them he defiles one (as he is first-degree of ritual impurity, making non-holy produce second degree of ritual impurity) and invalidates one (priest’s due/heave offering becoming unfit for use), for since he separated from it, he is not other than first-degree of ritual impurity.

ובנבלה ובמרכב. כל הני במשא בלבד מטמאין בגדים ולא במגע, הלכך אדם הנוגע בהן אע״פ שלא פירש אינו אלא ראשון, ומטמא אחד ופוסל אחד:

כל הנוגע. כגון אוכלים וכלים. דאפילו באותן שאדם הנוגע בהן מטמא שנים ופוסל אחד, כלים הנוגעים בהן מטמאים אחד ופוסלין אחד ואפילו בשעת מגעו:

חוץ מן האדם. דיש מהן דאם נגע בהן או נשא דמטמא שנים ופוסל אחד, כי הני דאמרן לעיל:

פירש. אפילו אדם, בכולהו מטמא אחד ופוסל אחד, דכיון דפירש אינו אלא ראשון: