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Mishnayos Yevamos Perek 8 Mishnah 6

יבמות פרק ח׳ משנה ו׳


If a priest who is a eunuch by natural causes married an Israelite woman, he enables her to eat teruma. Rabbi Yosei and Rabbi Shimon say: If a priest who is a hermaphrodite, possessing both male and female genitals, married an Israelite woman, he enables her to eat teruma. Rabbi Yehuda says: If a tumtum, whose external sexual organs are indeterminate, was torn open so that his genitals were exposed, and he was found to be a male, he must not perform ḥalitza, because he is treated like a eunuch. A hermaphrodite may marry a woman but he may not be married by a man, as he is considered a man. Rabbi Eliezer says: If one had intercourse with a hermaphrodite, he is liable to receive the punishment of stoning on his account as if he had had relations with a male.

סְרִיס חַמָּה כֹּהֵן שֶׁנָּשָׂא בַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, מַאֲכִילָהּ בַּתְּרוּמָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמְרִים, אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס כֹּהֵן שֶׁנָּשָׂא בַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, מַאֲכִילָהּ בַּתְּרוּמָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, טֻמְטוּם שֶׁנִּקְרַע וְנִמְצָא זָכָר, לֹא יַחֲלֹץ, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא כְסָרִיס. אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס נוֹשֵׂא, אֲבָל לֹא נִשָּׂא. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַנְדְּרוֹגִינוֹס חַיָּבִים עָלָיו סְקִילָה, כְּזָכָר:


רבי יוסי ור"ש אומרים כו' – for they hold that a [Kohen who is also] a person who exhibits traits of both sexes is like a male but Rabb Yosi retracted and stated in a Baraita (see Talmud Yevamot 83a) that a person who exhibits traits of both sexes is a creature of its own kind, but the Sages did not decide like him whether it is a male or a female. Therefore, he does not feed Terumah/priest’s due [to members of his family].

רבי יהודה אומר כו' – but the Halakha is not according to him for we hold above (see Tractate Yevamot, Chapter 8, Mishnah 4) that a man castrated by man performs Halitzah and his wife removes the shoe of the brother of her deceased husband who refuses to perform levirate marriage and a person of undetermined sex who was torn is like a eunuch castrated by a man.

אנדרוגינוס נושא אבל לא נישא – because he is a like a male and whomever lies with him is like someone who comes upon a male in pederasty, whether through the male genitals or the female genitals.

ר"א אומר חייבין עליו סקילה כזכר – and especially in the place of his male genitals but not in his female genitals, and the Halakha is according to Rabbi Eliezer.

רבי יוסי ור״ש אומרים כו׳ דסבירא להו אנדדוגינוס כזכר. והדר ביה ר״י ואמר בברייתא שאנדרוגינוס בריה בפני עצמו ולא הכריעו בו חכמים אם זכר אם נקבה, הלכך אינו מאכיל בתרומה:

רבי יהודה אומר כו׳ ולית הלכתה כותיה, דהא קיי״ל לעיל סריס אדם חולץ וחולצים לאשתו, וטומטום שנקרע הוי כסריס אדם:

אנדרוגינוס נושא אבל לא נישא. מפני שהוא כזכר, והשוכב עמו הוי בא על הזכור בין בזכרות שלו בין בנקבות שלו:

ר״א אומר חייבין עליו סקילה כזכר. דוקא במקום זכרות שלו ולא בנקבות שלו. והלכה כר״א: