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Mishnayos Yevamos Perek 2 Mishnah 8

יבמות פרק ב׳ משנה ח׳


It is a mitzva for the eldest to consummate the levirate marriage, i.e., the eldest takes precedence over the other brothers, though they too are obligated. But if the younger brother consummated the levirate marriage first, he acquires the yevama as his wife. One suspected by others of engaging in sexual relations with a Canaanite maidservant and she was later set free, or one suspected of relations with a gentile woman and she subsequently converted, may not marry that woman, since this will strengthen the suspicions against him. But if he did marry her, they, the judges of the court, do not remove her from him, i.e., they do not require him to divorce her. With regard to one who is suspected of illicit relations with a married woman and they, the judges of the court, removed her from her husband, i.e., required them to divorce due to this, even if the man suspected of the illicit relations subsequently married her, he must divorce her.

מִצְוָה בַגָּדוֹל לְיַבֵּם. וְאִם קָדַם הַקָּטָן, זָכָה. הַנִּטְעָן עַל הַשִּׁפְחָה וְנִשְׁתַּחְרְרָה, אוֹ עַל הַנָּכְרִית וְנִתְגַּיְּרָה, הֲרֵי זֶה לֹא יִכְנוֹס. וְאִם כָּנַס אֵין מוֹצִיאִין מִיָּדוֹ. הַנִּטְעָן עַל אֵשֶׁת אִישׁ, וְהוֹצִיאוּהָ מִתַּחַת יָדוֹ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁכָּנַס, יוֹצִיא:


מצוה בגדול ליבם – for we expound (Deuteronomy 25:5-6): “he shall take her as his wife and perform the levir’s duty. The first son/והיה הבכור that she bears [shall be accounted to the dead brother [that his name may not be blotted out in Israel],” that the person who performs the levirate marriage should be a first-born, “that she bears” and that sister-in-law should be worthy to give birth, excluding a barren woman; יקום/shall be accounted – the first born who performs as the levir in the name of his brother to cause him to inherit and not that his brothers divide it with him.

הנטען על אשת איש – who is suspected of [having a sexual relationship with] a married woman

והוציאוה – and the Jewish court removed her from under her husband, for that reason that she is prohibited to him and this one went and married her.

יוציא – that from the Torah, she is forbidden also to him, as she is forbidden to the husband, as we expounded, that once she is defiled, she is defiled twice – once to the husband and the other time to the person engaged in sexual relations wither. And specifically one who is suspected [of having intercourse] with a married woman, but one who is suspected [of having intercourse] with a free/unattached woman, it appears that it is Mitzvah to marry [her] as we find concerning rape (Deuteronomy 22:19): “Moreover, she shall remain is wife; [he shall never have the right to divorce her].”

מצוה בגדול ליבם. דדרשינן ולקחה לו לאשה ויבמה והיה הבכור, המיבם יהא בכור. אשר תלד, ואותה יבמה תהא ראויה לילד, פרט לאילונית. יקום הבכור היבם על שם אחיו לנחול אותו, ולא יחלקו אחיו עמו:

הנטען על אשת איש. החשוד על אשת איש:

והוציאוה. ב״ד מתחת בעלה, בשביל זה שאסרה עליו, והלך זה ונשאה:

יוציא. דמדאורייתא אסורה נמי לו כמו שאסורה לבעל, כדדרשינן מנטמאה נטמאה ב׳ פעמים, אחד לבעל ואחד לבועל. ודוקא הנטען על אשת איש, אבל נטען על הפנויה, נראה דמצוה לכנוס, כדאשכחן גבי אונס (דברים כ״ב:י״ט) ולו תהיה לאשה: