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Mishnayos Temurah Perek 7 Mishnah 5

תמורה פרק ז׳ משנה ה׳


And these are the items that are burned: Leavened bread on Passover shall be burned. And the same halakha applies to ritually impure teruma. And with regard to the fruit that grows on a tree during the three years after it was planted [orla], and diverse kinds of food crops sown in a vineyard, those items whose appropriate manner of destruction is to be burned, e.g., foods, shall be burned; and those items whose appropriate manner of destruction is to be buried, e.g., liquids, shall be buried. And one may ignite a fire with bread and with oil of impure teruma, even though the priest derives benefit from that fire.

וְאֵלּוּ הֵן הַנִּשְׂרָפִים. חָמֵץ בְּפֶסַח, יִשָּׂרֵף. וּתְרוּמָה טְמֵאָה, וְהָעָרְלָה, וְכִלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם, אֶת שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לִשָּׂרֵף, יִשָּׂרֵף. וְאֶת שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לִקָּבֵר, יִקָּבֵר. וּמַדְלִיקִין בְּפַת וּבְשֶׁמֶן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה:


חמץ בפסח – Our Mishnah is according to Rabbi Yehuda who stated [Tractate Pesahim 28b/see Tractate Pesahim, Chapter 2, Mishnah 1 where the Sages argue that the Hametz should be thrown to the wind or cast to the sea, and the Halakha is according to the Sages, though interestingly, we burn the Hametz ceremonially on the eve of Passover], remnant [from the Passover sacrifice] is forbidden (see Exodus 12:10: “You shall not leave any of it over until morning; if any of it is left until morning, you shall burn it.”) and Hametz/leaven is prohibited through leaving it over (see Exodus 12:15: “Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread; on the first day you shall remove leaven from your houses, for whoever eats leavened bread from the first day to the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel” and Exodus 12:19: “No leaven shall be found in your houses for seven days. For whoever eats what is leavened, that person shall be cut off rom the community of Israel.”), just as remnant [is destroyed] by burning, so even leaven [is destroyed] by burning. But it is not the Halakha.

ותרומה טמאה – as it is written (Numbers 18:8): “[The LORD spoke further to Aaron:] I hereby give you charge of My gifts,” the Biblical verse speaks of two gifts/תרומתי , one a pure tithe and another an impure tithe, and it is written לך/ “to you,” yours that would be for kindling underneath your meal.

ערלה – it is derived from food crops in a vineyard (Deuteronomy 22:9): “[You shall not sow your vineyard with a second kind of seed] else the crop – from the seed you have sown – [and the yield of the vineyard may not be used],” is burned with fire.

את שדרכו לישרף – it is referring to Orlah (i.e., fruit that grows during the first three years after a tree was planted) and fruit crops in a vineyard (see Deuteronomy 22:9 above), foodstuffs of Orlah and fruit crops in a vineyard that are usually burned should be burned; liquids that are not usually burned are buried.

ומדליקין בפת ובשמן של תרומה – because it includes impure heave-offering with leaven on Passover and fruit that grows during the first three years after a tree was planted/Orlah with fruit crops in a vineyard beause they are prohibitions of deriving benefit, for just as one should not error to say that impure heave-offering is prohibited to derive benefit from it, the Tanna/teacher retracted and they kindle [a flame] to benefit from [unclean] bread and oil of unclean heave-offering.

חמץ בפסח. מתניתין ר׳ יהודה היא, דאמר [פסחים כ״ח ע״ב] נותר בבל תותירו וחמץ בבל תותירו, מה נותר בשריפה אף חמץ בשריפה. ואינה הלכה:

ותרומה טמאה. דכתיב (במדבר י״ח:ח׳) ואני הנה נתתי לך את משמרת תרומתי, בשתי תרומות הכתוב מדבר, אחת תרומה טהורה ואחת תרומה טמאה, וכתיב לך, שלך תהא להסיקה תחת תבשילך:

ערלה. מכלאי הכרם גמר, וכלאי הכרם דכתיב (דברים כ״ב:ט׳) פן תקדש, תוקד אש:

את שדרכו לישרף. אערלה וכלאי הכרם קאי, אוכלים של ערלה ושל כלאי הכרם שדרכן לישרף ישרפו, משקין שאין דרכן לישרף יקברו:

ומדליקין בפת ובשמן של תרומה. משום דכלל תרומה טמאה עם חמץ בפסח וערלה וכלאי הכרם דאיסורי הנאה נינהו, כי היכי דלא תטעי לומר שגם תרומה טמאה אסורה בהנאה, הדר תנא ומדליקין ליהנות בפת ובשמן של תרומה טמאה: