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Mishnayos Tamid Perek 3 Mishnah 8

תמיד פרק ג׳ משנה ח׳


From Jericho the people would hear the sound indicating that the large gate had been opened. From Jericho the people would hear the sound produced in the Temple by the instrument that had the form of a shovel. From Jericho the people would hear the sound of the wood that ben Katin crafted into a mechanism of pulleys for the Basin. From Jericho the people would hear the voice of Gevini the Temple crier, who would proclaim in the Temple each day: Arise, priests, to your service, and Levites to your platform, and Israelites to your non-priestly watch. From Jericho the people would hear the sound of the flute that was played in the Temple twelve days each year. From Jericho the people would hear the sound of ben Arza clashing the cymbals in the Temple. From Jericho the people would hear the sound of the song of the Levites in the Temple. From Jericho the people would hear the sound of the shofar that was sounded several times each day in the Temple. And some say that in Jericho the people would hear even the voice of the High Priest at the moment that he mentioned the ineffable name of God on Yom Kippur. From Jericho the people would smell the fragrance emanating from the preparation of the incense in the Temple. Rabbi Elazar ben Diglai said: There were goats belonging to my father that grazed in the cities of Mikhvar, located at a distance from Jerusalem, and they would sneeze from the fragrance of the preparation of the incense that they smelled.

מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִין קוֹל שַׁעַר הַגָּדוֹל שֶׁנִּפְתָּח. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִין קוֹל הַמַּגְרֵפָה. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִין קוֹל הָעֵץ שֶׁעָשָׂה בֶן קָטִין מוּכְנִי לַכִּיּוֹר. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִין קוֹל גְּבִינִי כָּרוֹז. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִין קוֹל הֶחָלִיל. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִין קוֹל הַצֶּלְצָל. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִין קוֹל הַשִּׁיר. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ שׁוֹמְעִים קוֹל הַשּׁוֹפָר. וְיֵשׁ אוֹמְרִים, אַף קוֹל שֶׁל כֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁהוּא מַזְכִּיר אֶת הַשֵּׁם בְּיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים. מִירִיחוֹ הָיוּ מְרִיחִים רֵיחַ פִּטּוּם הַקְּטֹרֶת. אָמַר רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר בֶּן דִּגְלַאי, עִזִּים הָיוּ לְבֵית אַבָּא בְּהַר מִכְוָר, וְהָיוּ מִתְעַטְּשׁוֹת מֵרֵיחַ פִּטּוּם הַקְּטֹרֶת:


מיריחו היו שומעים קול שע הגדול – and from Jerusalem until Jericho is ten Parsangs (see Tractate Yoma 39b) [equivalent to approximately twenty-five kilometers].

מגריפה (the name of a musical instrument in the Temple) – a species of musical instrument that was in the Temple, having ten holes, each one of them producing one kindred kinds of music, and its sound could be heard from afar.

בן קטין (he appears also in Tractate Tamid, Chapter 1, Mishnah 4) – the name of a man ho was a High Priest, ad he made a wheel-work for the wash-basin to sink it into the well/cistern, so that there its waters would not become unfit for use by being kept overnight, for every thing that was sanctified in the Temple vessels became unfit for use by being kept overnight, and when he would depart, and would become one who immersed himself that day [but ineligible to resume eating heave-offering until after sunset), and they would raise him up from the cistern to sanctify his hands and his feet, the sound of the wheel would be heard until Jericho.

גביני כרוז – a Kohen whose name was Gevini, who would announce/cry out each morning in the Temple: “Arise, Kohanim, for your Divine Service.”

חליל – TZALNITZLISH in the foreign language; MIZMOR in Arabic, and its sound can be heard from afar. There are those who say PIPRI in the foreign language.

צלצל – TZIMBALI in the foreign language.

מכוור – name of a place.

מיריחו היו שומעים קול שער הגדול. ומירושלים עד יריחו עשר פרסאות:

המגריפה. מין כלי נגון שהיה במקדש, עשרה נקבים היו בו, וכל אחד ואחד מוציא מאה מיני זמר, וקולו נשמע עד למרחוק:

בן קטין. שם אדם וכהן גדול היה, ועשה גלגל לכיור לשקעו בבור שלא יהיו מימיו נפסלים בלינה, שכל דבר שנתקדש בכלי שרת נפסל בלינה וביוצא ובטבול יום, וכשהיו מעלים אותו מן הבור לקדש בו ידיהם ורגליהם היה קול הגלגל נשמע עד יריחו:

גביני כרוז. כהן ששמו גביני, שהיה מכריז בכל בוקר בבית המקדש עמדו כהנים לעבודתכם:

חליל. צלמיצלי״ש בלע״ז, בערבי מזמא״ר, וקולו נשמע למרחוק. ויש אומרים פיפר״י בלע״ז:

צלצל. צמבל״י בלע״ז:

מכוור. שם מקום: