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Mishnayos Tamid Perek 3 Mishnah 6

תמיד פרק ג׳ משנה ו׳


The priests who won the privilege of the removal of ash from the inner altar and of the removal of ash from the Candelabrum would precede the other priests and would hold four vessels in their hands: The basket, and the jug, and the two keys. The basket is similar to a large gold vessel with a capacity of three kav [letarkav], but it holds only two and a half kav. And the jug is similar to a large flask [lekitton] of gold. And as for the two keys, with one of them the priest would lower his arm to his armpit through a small opening in the door and open the lock that was at the bottom of the door on the inside, and he would pass through that door into a compartment. And the other one is the key with which the priest opened the lock on the inner door of the compartment, through which he entered the Sanctuary, and that lock he opened directly.

מִי שֶׁזָּכָה בְדִשּׁוּן מִזְבֵּחַ הַפְּנִימִי וְהַמְּנוֹרָה הָיוּ מַקְדִּימִין, וְאַרְבָּעָה כֵלִים בְּיָדָם, הַטֶּנִי וְהַכּוּז וּשְׁנֵי מַפְתְּחוֹת. הַטֶּנִי דוֹמֶה לְתַרְקָב גָּדוֹל שֶׁל זָהָב, מַחֲזִיק קַבַּיִן וָחֵצִי. וְהַכּוּז דּוֹמֶה לְקִיתוֹן גָּדוֹל שֶׁל זָהָב. וּשְׁנֵי מַפְתְּחוֹת, אֶחָד יוֹרֵד לְאַמַּת הַשֶּׁחִי וְאֶחָד פּוֹתֵחַ כֵּיוָן:


הטני – it is the language of (Deuteronomy 26:2): “[you shall take some of every first fruit of he soil, which you harvest from the land that the LORD your God is giving you], put in a basket.” It is similar to a basket but its mouth is wide.

והכוז (oil vessel – in the shape of a large wine cup) – a ladle; in the Arabic language they call it ALCUZ.

שני מפתחות – to open two locks that are on the northern wicket.

תרקב (three kabs, a dry measure) – a utensil that holds three kabim, and the language of “tarkav,” is two [kabim] and a kab, and it was similar to a tarkav, but it didn’t hold other than two kabs and a half, and it was of gold.

אחד יורד לאמת השחי – the northern wicket as is taught in the Mishnah further on (see Mishnah 7): “He came to the northern wicket/door.” It had wo locks, the one was below, inside at the bottom of the opening, and the Kohen that wanted to enter, would put in his forearm into the hole in the wall until his armpit and open it with his hand through the inside, and the other [lock], he opens with a key immediately without effort like all the other openings.

כיון (directly) – like [Tractate Pesahim 37a – Bartenura, at least as published in the standard יכין ובועז edition of the Mishnah, states that this quote is on Pesahim 37b]: “he may form the dough in a mould and attach it to the cake directly” (i.e., well-fitting without loss of time), meaning to say, quickly without trouble.

הטני. לשון ושמת בטנא. דומה לסל ופיו רחב:

והכוז. קיתון בלשון ערבי קורין אלכו״ז:

שני מפתחות. לפתוח שני מנעולים שבפשפש הצפוני:

תרקב. כלי שמחזיק שלשה קבין. ולשון תרקב, תרי וקב. ודומה היה לתרקב אבל לא היה מחזיק אלא קביים וחצי, ושל זהב היה:

אחד יורד לאמת השחי. הפשפש הצפוני דתנן לקמן בא לו לפשפש הצפוני היו לו שני מנעולין, האחד היה למטה בפנים בתחתיתו של פתח, והיה הכהן הרוצה ליכנס מכניס אמת ידו בחור שבכותל עד בית השחי שלו ופותח בידו דרך פנים, והאחר פותח במפתח מיד בלא טורח כשאר כל הפתחים:

כיון. כמו [פסחים ל״ז ע״ב] יעשנה בדפוס ויקבענה כיון, כלומר מהר בלא טורח: