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Mishnayos Tamid Perek 2 Mishnah 1

תמיד פרק ב׳ משנה א׳


The previous mishna described the performance of the removal of the ashes by the priest who was selected to perform this task. This mishna continues: The brethren of the priest who removed the ashes, i.e., the other members of the patrilineal family, saw that he had descended from the altar with the coal pan, and they would run and come to the Basin. They made haste and sanctified their hands and their feet with the water in the Basin, and then they took the shovels and the forks and ascended with them to the top of the altar. The shovels were for shoveling the ashes to the center of the altar, while the forks were required to remove from the altar those limbs that had not been consumed. With regard to the limbs of burnt offerings and the fats of other offerings that had not been consumed and burned to ashes during the time from the previous evening, the priests would clear them to the sides of the altar. If the remaining limbs and fats were so abundant that the sides of the altar were unable to hold them, the priests would arrange them on the ramp, opposite the surrounding ledge of the altar.

רָאוּהוּ אֶחָיו שֶׁיָּרַד, וְהֵם רָצוּ וּבָאוּ. מִהֲרוּ וְקִדְּשׁוּ יְדֵיהֶן וְרַגְלֵיהֶן מִן הַכִּיּוֹר, נָטְלוּ אֶת הַמַּגְרֵפוֹת וְאֶת הַצִּנּוֹרוֹת וְעָלוּ לְרֹאשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. הָאֵבָרִין וְהַפְּדָרִין שֶׁלֹּא נִתְאַכְּלוּ מִבָּעֶרֶב, סוֹנְקִין אוֹתָם לִצְדָדֵי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. אִם אֵין הַצְּדָדִין מַחֲזִיקִין, סוֹדְרִין אוֹתָם בַּסּוֹבֵב עַל הַכָּבֶשׁ:


ראוהו אחיו – to him that removed the ashes on the altar.

שירד – from the a;tar amd [it the coals on the eastern side.

והם רצו וכו' וקדשו ידיהם ורגליהם – in order to perform the Divine Service.

סונקים (press them) – remove them, from the language of shaking and moving about. And similarly, like a stuffed goat {Tractate Pesahim 3b], a goat that is tired as a result of the shaking and the goring that they gore one another, even here, they stuff/choke from the movements and they turn them over in the water pipes to the sides of the altar.

בסובב על הכבש (on the circuit by the ramp) – meaning to say on the ramp, that is opposite the circuit (i.e., a sort of gallery around the altar for the Kohen to walk on).

ראוהו אחיו. לאותו שתרם את המזבח:

שירד. מן המזבח ונתן את הגחלים במזרחו:

והם רצו וכו׳ וקדשו ידיהם ורגליהם. כדי לעבוד עבודה:

סונקים. מסלקים אותן. לשון נענוע ונדנוד. וכן כגדי מסנקן [פסחים דף ג׳ ע״ב], גדי שהוא עיף על ידי נענוע ונגיחות שמנגחין זה בזה. אף כאן סונקים מנענעים ומהפכין אותן בצנורות לצדדי המזבח:

בסובב על הכבש. כלומר על הכבש שכנגד הסובב: