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Mishnayos Sukkah Perek 5 Mishnah 1

סוכה פרק ה׳ משנה א׳


The flute is played on the festival of Sukkot for five or six days. This is the flute of the Place of the Drawing of the Water, whose playing overrides neither Shabbat nor the Festival. Therefore, if the first Festival day occurred on Shabbat, they would play the flute for six days that year. However, if Shabbat coincided with one of the intermediate days of the Festival, they would play the flute for only five days. One who did not see the Celebration of the Place of the Drawing of the Water never saw celebration in his days.

הֶחָלִיל חֲמִשָּׁה וְשִׁשָּׁה. זֶהוּ הֶחָלִיל שֶׁל בֵּית הַשּׁוֹאֵבָה, שֶׁאֵינָה דּוֹחָה לֹא אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת וְלֹא אֶת יוֹם טוֹב. אָמְרוּ, כָּל מִי שֶׁלֹּא רָאָה שִׂמְחַת בֵּית הַשּׁוֹאֵבָה, לֹא רָאָה שִׂמְחָה מִיָּמָיו:


החליל – many kinds of musical instruments were there, and by the name of the flute, as its sound is heard more than the others, all of them are called by its name.

חמשה וששה – sometimes five [days] and sometimes six [days]. If the first day of the Festival [of Sukkot] occurs on Shabbat, the flute [is sounded] for six [days]; if it (i.e., the first day of the Festival of Sukkot) falls on the other days of the week, the flute [is sounded for] five days, because it does not supersede neither the Sabbath nor the Holy Days [of the Festival].

שמחת בית השואבה – because all of this rejoicing is on the drawing of waters of libation, they called it the Rejoicing of the House of Drawing on account of (Isaiah 12:5): “Joyfully shall you draw water [from the fountains of triumph].”

החליל. הרבה מיני זמר היו שם, ועל שם שחליל קולו נשמע יותר מן האחרים נקראו כולם על שמו:

חמשה וששה. פעמים חמשה פעמים ששה. חל יו״ט ראשון להיות בשבת, החליל ששה. חל בשאר ימי החול החליל חמשה. לפי שאינו דוחה לא את השבת ולא את יום טוב:

שמחת בית השואבה. לפי שכל שמחה זו על שאיבת המים של ניסוך, קרו לה שמחת בית השואבה, על שם ושאבתם מים בששון (ישעיהו י״ב:ג׳):