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Mishnayos Sukkah Perek 2 Mishnah 5

סוכה פרק ב׳ משנה ה׳


Apropos eating in the sukka, which is discussed in the previous mishna, this mishna relates: An incident occurred where they brought a cooked dish to Rabban Yoḥanan ben Zakkai for him to taste, and to Rabban Gamliel they brought two dates and a bucket of water. And they each said: Take them up to the sukka and we will eat them there. In contrast, the mishna relates: And when they gave Rabbi Tzadok less than an egg-bulk of food, he took the food in a cloth for cleanliness; he did not wash his hands because in his opinion, one is not required to wash his hands before eating less than an egg-bulk. And he ate it outside the sukka and did not recite a blessing after eating it. He holds that one is not required to recite a blessing after eating less than an egg-bulk, as it is not satisfying, and it is written: “And you shall eat and be satisfied and bless the Lord your God” (Deuteronomy 8:10). The Gemara will explain the halakhic rationale for each of these actions described.

מַעֲשֶׂה וְהֵבִיאוּ לוֹ לְרַבָּן יוֹחָנָן בֶּן זַכַּאי לִטְעוֹם אֶת הַתַּבְשִׁיל, וּלְרַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל שְׁתֵּי כוֹתָבוֹת וּדְלִי שֶׁל מַיִם, וְאָמְרוּ, הַעֲלוּם לַסֻּכָּה. וּכְשֶׁנָּתְנוּ לוֹ לְרַבִּי צָדוֹק אֹכֶל פָּחוֹת מִכַּבֵּיצָה, נְטָלוֹ בַמַּפָּה וַאֲכָלוֹ חוּץ לַסֻּכָּה, וְלֹא בֵרַךְ אַחֲרָיו:


ואמרו העלום לסוכה – not according to the law, but they were stringent upon themselves, and we learn from this that whomever is stringent upon himself to not evat even an incidental meal (i.e., a snack) outside of the Sukkah, behold this is praiseworthy.

אוכל פחות מכביצה – [he took it with a napkin]. On account of washing his hands and because of the blessing, he took less than an egg’s bulk, for had it been because of the Sukkah, we would say that one can eat an incidental meal outside of the Sukkah, and even more than an egg’s bulk.

ואמרו העלום לסוכה. ולא מן הדין, אלא שהחמירו על עצמן. ושמעינן מינה שהמחמיר על עצמו שלא לאכול אפילו אכילת עראי חוץ לסוכה, הרי זה משובח:

אוכל פחות מכביצה [נטלו במפה] משום נטילת ידים, ומשום ברוכי נטל פחות מכביצה. דאילו משום סוכה הא אמרינן אוכלים אכילת עראי חוץ לסוכה ואפילו יותר מכביצה: