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Mishnayos Shevuos Perek 7 Mishnah 2

שבועות פרק ז׳ משנה ב׳


How does this halakha apply to one who was robbed? The case is where witnesses testified about the defendant that he entered the claimant’s house to seize collateral from him without the authority to do so. The claimant said: You took items that belong to me. And the defendant said: I did not take them. The claimant takes an oath and receives payment of his claim. Rabbi Yehuda says: This oath cannot be administered unless there is partial admission on the part of the defendant. How so? The case is where the claimant said to him: You took two items. And he says: I took only one. Since the defendant admits that he took one item from the house, the claimant takes an oath and receives payment of his whole claim.

הַנִּגְזָל כֵּיצַד, הָיוּ מְעִידִין אוֹתוֹ שֶׁנִּכְנַס לְבֵיתוֹ לְמַשְׁכְּנוֹ שֶׁלֹּא בִרְשׁוּת, הוּא אוֹמֵר כֵּלַי נָטַלְתָּ, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא נָטַלְתִּי, הֲרֵי זֶה נִשְׁבָּע וְנוֹטֵל. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, עַד שֶׁתְּהֵא שָׁם מִקְצָת הוֹדָאָה. כֵּיצַד, אָמַר לוֹ שְׁנֵי כֵלִים נָטַלְתָּ, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא נָטַלְתִּי אֶלָּא אֶחָד:


למשכנו שלא ברשות – as in the case where witnesses saw that he entered into the house of his fellow, and there was nothing in his hand and he left from there with utensils inserted under his arms.

הרי זה נשבע ונוטל – for the words are proven that the witnesses testify that he had a pledge taken without permission,. And what he was carrying was something where one is believed to be wealthy. But if he was carrying a silver cup, or something like it, it is a matter that they would not have believed him to be wealthy. Is it not within his powers to take an oath and take his rightful due? But rather, the person whom the claim is made against should take an oath and be exempt.

למשכנו שלא ברשות. וכגון שראוהו עדים שנכנס לבית חבירו ואין בידו כלום ויצא משם וכלים תחובים לו תחת כנפיו:

הרי זה נשבע ונוטל. שהרי הדברים מוכיחים, שהעדים מעידים שמשכנו שלא ברשות. והוא דטעין ליה האיך במידי דאמיד ביה, אבל אם טען ליה בכסא דכספא וכי האי גונא במידי דלא אמיד ביה, לאו כל כמיניה לישבע וליטול, אלא ישבע הנתבע ויפטר: