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Mishnayos Shevuos Perek 5 Mishnah 4

שבועות פרק ה׳ משנה ד׳


The mishna continues: If one accuses another: You raped or you seduced my daughter, and the other says: I did not rape and I did not seduce your daughter, to which the father replied: I administer an oath to you, and the defendant said: Amen, the defendant is liable to bring a guilt-offering if it is a false oath. Rabbi Shimon deems him exempt, since one does not pay a fine based on his own admission. Had he confessed he would have been exempt from paying the fine; he is therefore not liable for his denial. The Rabbis said to him: Even though he does not pay the fine based on his own admission, he does pay compensation for humiliation and compensation for degradation resulting from her being raped or seduced, which are monetary claims and not fines, based on his own admission. He is therefore liable for a false oath, as he denied a monetary claim.

אָנַסְתָּ וּפִתִּיתָ אֶת בִּתִּי, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא אָנַסְתִּי וְלֹא פִתִּיתִי. מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, חַיָּב. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן פּוֹטֵר, שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם קְנָס עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם קְנָס עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ, מְשַׁלֵּם בּשֶׁת וּפְגָם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ:


שאינו משלם קנס על פי עצמו (he does not pay a fine on the basis of his own testimony) – and since he admitted, he is not liable but if he denied it also, he did not deny monetary payment.

אבל משלם בושת ופגם – therefore, he denied the monetary [payment], but it is dispute between the Rabbis and Rabbi Shimon, for Rabbi Shimon holds that when if he said to him: ‘You raped or seduced my daughter,” he can claim a fine from him whose monetary amount is fixed at fifty silver, but he cannot claim from him humiliation and deterioration, whose monetary [figure] is not fixed, for a person will not forego the claim of a definite quantity, and demand something undefined (requiring appraisement) (see Tractate Ketubot 43a), therefore, he has denied a fine and is exempt. But the Rabbis hold that humiliation and deterioration he also claims from him, for a person will not forego something when he admits to it and will not be exempt and when he makes a claim on something when he admits to it, he is exempt; therefore, when he denies it, he has denied him monetary [payment] and he is liable. But the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Shimon.

שאינו משלם קנס על פי עצמו. וכיון דכי אודי לא מחייב, כי כפר נמי לאו ממונא כפר ליה:

אבל משלם בושת ופגם. הלכך ממונא כפר. ופלוגתא דרבנן ור׳ שמעון, דר׳ שמעון סבר כי אמר ליה אנסת או פיתית את בתי, קנסא קתבע מיניה שדמיו קצובין חמשים כסף, ולא קא תבע מיניה בושת ופגם שאין דמיו קצובים, דלא שביק אינש מידי דקייץ ותבע מידי דלא קייץ, הלכך קנסא כפר ליה ופטור. ורבנן סברי, בושת ופגם קא תבע ליה, דלא שביק איניש מידי דכי מודה ביה לא מפטר ותבע מידי דכי מודה ביה מפטר, הלכך כי כפר ליה, ממונא כפר ליה וחייב. ואין הלכה כר׳ שמעון: