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Mishnayos Shekalim Perek 4 Mishnah 8

שקלים פרק ד׳ משנה ח׳


However, with regard to one who consecrates all his possessions without explicitly specifying that this includes his animals, since there is no reason to presume that he wishes them all to be consecrated for the same purpose, it is presumed that each item is consecrated for the purpose most suited to it. Therefore, he should act in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Yehoshua. In the case of one who consecrates all his possessions, and among them there were items that are suitable to be sacrificed on the altar, such as wines for libations, and oils for meal-offerings, and birds, e.g., turtledoves or young pigeons, Rabbi Eliezer says: They are sold for the needs of that kind of item, i.e., to individuals who will use them as such. And he should bring with their monetary value that is received from their sale burnt-offerings. And the rest of the possessions are allocated for Temple maintenance.

הַמַּקְדִּישׁ נְכָסִים וְהָיוּ בָּהֶן דְּבָרִים רְאוּיִין עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, יֵינוֹת, שְׁמָנִים וְעוֹפוֹת, רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר אוֹמֵר, יִמָּכְרוּ לְצָרְכֵי אוֹתוֹ הַמִּין וְיָבִיא בִּדְמֵיהֶן עוֹלוֹת, וּשְׁאָר נְכָסִים יִפְּלוּ לְבֶדֶק הַבָּיִת:


יינות שמנים וסלתות – which are appropriate for meal-offerings and libations.

ועופות – doves and pigeons.

Rabbi Eleazar is our reading and not Rabbi Eliezer. The reason of Rabbi Eleazar is explained in the Jerusalem Talmud, as it is written (Leviticus 22:18): “[When any man of the house of Israel or of the strangers in Israel] presents a burnt offering as his offering for any of the votive or any of the freewill offerings [that they offer to the LORD],” all that they vow or donate from things that they donate to the LOD, even wines, oils and fine-flour will be for a burnt offering – he is able to offer with their monetary value a burnt offering of fowl or if he first gave a fowl, he shall offer it as a burnt offering, the inference teaches us (Leviticus 22:19): “from cattle or sheep or goats.” Surely, he does not with all what he donated other than only a burnt offering of cattle.

יינות שמנים וסלתות. שהן ראוים למנחות ולנסכים:

ועופות. תורים ובני יונה:

ר׳ אלעזר. גרסינן, ולא ר׳ אליעזר, וטעמא דר״א מפורש בירושלמי, דכתיב (ויקרא כ״ב) לכל נדריהם ולכל נדבותם אשר יקריבו לה׳ לעולה, כל מה שהם נודרים ומתנדבים מדברים אשר יקריבו לה׳ אפילו יינות שמנים וסלתות יהיה לעולה, יכול יקריב בדמיהן עולת העוף, או אם הקדיש עוף יקריבנו עולה, ת״ל (שם) בבקר בכשבים ובעזים, הא אינו מקריב בכל מה שהתנדב אלא עולת בהמה בלבד: