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Mishnayos Pesachim Perek 6 Mishnah 3

פסחים פרק ו׳ משנה ג׳


When does one bring a Festival peace-offering with the Paschal lamb? A special offering is brought on the fourteenth of Nisan together with the Paschal lamb when the Paschal lamb comes on a weekday rather than on Shabbat, and when it comes in a state of ritual purity as opposed to when it is brought in a state of impurity because most of the community is impure, and when many people are registered for the Paschal lamb so that each person will receive only a small portion from it. When these three conditions are met, the Festival peace-offering is eaten first and the Paschal lamb is eaten afterward. When, however, the Paschal lamb comes on Shabbat, or when few people are registered for it so that each person will receive a large portion, or when it is brought in a state of ritual impurity, one does not bring a Festival peace-offering with it.

אֵימָתַי מֵבִיא חֲגִיגָה עִמּוֹ, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא בָא בְּחֹל, בְּטָהֳרָה וּבְמֻעָט. וּבִזְמַן שֶׁהוּא בָא בְּשַׁבָּת, בִּמְרֻבֶּה וּבְטֻמְאָה, אֵין מְבִיאִין עִמּוֹ חֲגִיגָה:


אימתי מביאים עמו חגיגה – with the Passover offering on the fourteenth of Nisan.

בשמן שהוא בא בחול ובטהרה – for even though that the Passover offering overrides the [prohibitions of the] Sabbath and impurity, the [free-will] Festival offering does not override the [prohibitions of the] Sabbath.

ובמועט – if the Passover offering was too small for the feeding of the members of the group, and they consume the Festival offering first in order that the Passover offering would be the completion of their satisfaction.

במרובה – that the group was small and the Passover offering was enough for them alone.

ובטומאה – that most of the community is ritually impure.

אין מביאין עמו חגיגה – as the Festive offering of the fourteenth is option and not obligatory.

אימתי מביאים עמו חגיגה. עם הפסח בי״ד בניסן:

בזמן שהוא בא בחול ובטהרה. דאע״ג דפסח דחי שבת וטומאה, חגיגה לא דחיא שבת:

ובמועט. שהיה פסח מועט לאכילת בני חבורה, ואוכלין החגיגה תחלה כדי שיהיה הפסח גמר שביעתן:

במרובה. שהיתה החבורה מועטת ודי להן בפסח לבדו:

ובטומאה. שרוב צבור טמאין:

אין מביאין עמו חגיגה. שחגיגת יום י״ד רשות היא ולא חובה: