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Mishnayos Niddah Perek 2 Mishnah 4

נדה פרק ב׳ משנה ד׳


All women have the presumptive status of purity for their husbands, and therefore one is not required to ascertain whether his wife is ritually pure before engaging in intercourse with her. Even with regard to husbands returning from a journey, if their wives were ritually pure when they left, their wives have the presumptive status of purity for them. Beit Shammai say: A woman is required to examine herself with two cloths, once before and once after each and every act of intercourse in which she engages throughout the night, and she must inspect them for blood the following morning, or she must engage in intercourse by the light of a lamp and inspect the cloths before and after each act of intercourse. Beit Hillel say: She is not required to examine herself between each act of intercourse. Rather, it is sufficient for her to examine herself with two cloths throughout the night, once before the first act of intercourse and once after the final act of intercourse.

כָּל הַנָּשִׁים בְּחֶזְקַת טָהֳרָה לְבַעֲלֵיהֶן. הַבָּאִין מִן הַדֶּרֶךְ, נְשֵׁיהֶן לָהֶן בְּחֶזְקַת טָהֳרָה. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, צְרִיכָה שְׁנֵי עִדִּים עַל כָּל תַּשְׁמִישׁ וְתַשְׁמִישׁ, אוֹ תְשַׁמֵּשׁ לְאוֹר הַנֵּר. בֵּית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, דַּיָּהּ בִּשְׁנֵי עִדִּים כָּל הַלָּיְלָה:


כל הנשים בחזקת טהרה לבעליהן – and he doesn’t need to ask her if she is [ritually] pure. And these words [apply], when he left her in a presumption/state of [ritual] purity.

הבאין מן הדרך נשיהן להן בחזקת טהורה – that you might think I would say that these words [apply], where that he is in the town, that he is lying to her and she examined herself, but not where he is not in the town, that he didn’t lie to her, it comes to teach the opposite. Two pieces of cloth for every sexual intercourse. One before and one afterwards, and on the morrow, she will examine them (see Tractate Niddah 15a).

או תשמש לאור הנר – and she will heck after sexual intercourse until she wipes herself with it (i.e., the cloth).

דיה בשני עדים כל הלילה – one prior to the first sexual intercourse, and one after the final sexual intercourse. But even though that she did not know if she had seen blood between one and the other [act of sexual intercourse], whether according to the School of Shammai or whether according to the School of Hillel, it does not matter to us, for it was not needed other than for matter of [ritual] purity.

כל הנשים בחזקת טהרה לבעליהן. ואין צריך לשאול לה אם היא טהורה. והני מילי, כשהניחה בחזקת טהורה:

הבאין מן הדרך נשיהן להן בחזקת טהרה. דסלקא דעתך אמינא הני מילי היכא דאיתיה במתא, דרמיא אנפשה ובדקה, אבל היכא דליתיה במתא, דלא רמיא אנפשה, לא, קמשמע לן:

שני עדים על כל תשמיש. אחד לפניו ואחד לאחריו, ולמחר תעיין בהם:

או תשמש לאור הנר. ותבדוק לאחר תשמיש עד שקנחה בו:

דיה בשני עדים כל הלילה. אחד לפני תשמיש ראשון, ואחד לאחר תשמיש אחרון. ואע״ג דמשמשה ולא ידעה אי ראתה דם ביני וביני, בין לבית שמאי בין לבית הלל לא אכפת לן, דלא הוצרכו אלא לחומר טהרות: