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Mishnayos Negaim Perek 5 Mishnah 5

נגעים פרק ה׳ משנה ה׳


"But after uncleanness has been established a doubt is regarded as unclean." How so? If two men came to a priest, one having a bright spot of the size of a split bean and the other having one of the size of a sela and at the end of the week each was of the size of a sela and a little more, both are unclean; And even though both returned to be the size of a sela both are unclean, and remain unclean until they return to the size of a split split bean. They is what they meant when they said, "but after uncleanness has been established a doubt is regarded as unclean."

מִשֶּׁנִּזְקַק לְטֻמְאָה, סְפֵקוֹ טָמֵא. כֵּיצַד. שְׁנַיִם שֶׁבָּאוּ אֵצֶל כֹּהֵן, בָּזֶה בַהֶרֶת כַּגְּרִיס וּבָזֶה כַּסֶּלַע, בְּסוֹף שָׁבוּעַ בָּזֶה כַּסֶּלַע וָעוֹד וּבָזֶה כַּסֶּלַע וָעוֹד, שְׁנֵיהֶן טְמֵאִין. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁחָזְרוּ לִהְיוֹת כַּסֶּלַע וְכַסֶּלַע, שְׁנֵיהֶן טְמֵאִין, עַד שֶׁיַּחְזְרוּ לִהְיוֹת כַּגְּרִיס. זֶה הוּא שֶׁאָמְרוּ, מִשֶּׁנִּזְקַק לְטֻמְאָה, סְפֵקוֹ טָמֵא:


שניהם טמאים – since it spread in both of them.

אף על פי שחזרו להיות כסלע – for now one of them is ritually pure, but since they were obliged to regard themselves/obligate themselves for defilement, both of them are impure, as it is written (Leviticus 13:23): “[But if the discoloration remains stationary, not having spread, it is the scar of the inflammation] the priest shall declare him pure”/"וטהרו הכהן" - that which is definitive, he (i.e., the Kohen) declares pure, but he does not declare pure the doubtful (see also Sifra on his verse in Leviticus).

עד שיחזרו להיות גריס – that now, certainly both of them are ritually pure, that the spreading that on whose account they were declared to be certified lepers has disappeared from both of them.

שניהם טמאין. דבשניהם פשה:

אף על פי שחזרו להיות כסלע. דהשתא אחד מהם טהור, הואיל והוזקקו לטומאה, שניהם טמאים. דכתיב [שם] וטיהרו הכהן, את הודאי הוא מטהר, ואינו מטהר את הספק:

עד שיחזרו להיות כגריס. דהשתא ודאי שניהם טהורים, שהפשיון שבעבורו הוחלט הלך משניהם: