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Mishnayos Nedarim Perek 9 Mishnah 6

נדרים פרק ט׳ משנה ו׳


If one vowed that certain food or drink or all food and drink be forbidden to him, the halakhic authorities may broach dissolution by raising the issue of Festivals and Shabbatot. They ask him whether he realized at the time he stated his vow that he would have to uphold it on these festive days as well. At first they said that on those days that he did not intend to include in his vow, that item is permitted, but on all the rest of the days, food and drink are still forbidden by his vow, until Rabbi Akiva came and taught that a vow that is partially dissolved is dissolved entirely.

פּוֹתְחִין בְּיָמִים טוֹבִים וּבְשַׁבָּתוֹת. בָּרִאשׁוֹנָה הָיוּ אוֹמְרִים, אוֹתָן הַיָּמִים מֻתָּרִין וּשְׁאָר כָּל הַיָּמִים אֲסוּרִין, עַד שֶׁבָּא רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא וְלִמֵּד, שֶׁהַנֶּדֶר שֶׁהֻתַּר מִקְצָתוֹ, הֻתַּר כֻּלּוֹ:


פותחין בימים טובים ובשבתות – if he vowed to fast, or not to eat meat for a specified time, they say to him: “If you had placed upon your heart for the Sabbaths and Holy Days that are within this time [period], you would not vow at all. But this does not [provide] and opening [for the absolution/renunciation of his vows] with the honor of “the Place” (i.e., God).

אותן הימים – that he found for them an opening to express regret.

מותרים – that the Sage releases them.

ושאר הימים – where they do not have regret, they remain in their prohibition [of deriving benefit].

שנדר שהותר מקצתו הותר כולו – even though he did not find an opening [for the release though regret] for the entire vow, for he had nowed initially other than with the knowledge that it would be completely fulfilled, and it was found that the absolution/release of part of it (i.e., the vow) opened [an expression of regret] for all of it.

פותחין בימים טובים ובשבתות. אם נדר להתענות, או שלא לאכול בשר לזמן קצוב, אומרים לו אילו שמת אל לבך לשבתות וימים טובים שבתוך זמן זה כלום היית נודר. ואין זה פותח בכבוד המקום:

אותן הימים. שמצא להם פתח להתחרט:

מותרים. שהחכם מתירן:

ושאר הימים. שאין עליהם חרטה, נשארין באיסורן:

שנדר שהותר מקצתו הותר כולו. אע״פ שלא מצא פתח על כולו. דלא נדר מעיקרא אלא על דעת שיתקיים כולו, נמצא התרת מקצתו פתח לכולו: