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Mishnayos Nazir Perek 6 Mishnah 6

נזיר פרק ו׳ משנה ו׳


With regard to the shaving of ritual impurity performed by a nazirite who became impure during his naziriteship, how is it performed? The priest would sprinkle the waters of purification on him on the third and the seventh days after he contracted his impurity, as performed for all those who contracted impurity imparted by a corpse. And he shaves his hair on the seventh day and brings his offerings on the eighth day. And if he shaved on the eighth day he brings his offerings on that day, this is the statement of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Tarfon said to him: What is the difference between this ritual and that of a leper? A leper also shaves on the seventh day and sacrifices his offerings on the eighth. However, if a leper shaves on the eighth day he brings his offerings on the ninth day, not on the day of his shaving. Rabbi Akiva said to him: The purification of this impure nazirite depends on his days, as he immerses on the seventh day like all those who contract impurity imparted by a corpse, which means he is already ritually pure on the eighth day. But with regard to a leper, his purification depends on his shaving. Any immersion performed earlier is of no account, and must be repeated. And a leper brings his offering only if the sun has set following his immersion. Since offerings are not sacrificed at night, the bringing of his offering is postponed until the following day.

תִּגְלַחַת הַטֻּמְאָה כֵּיצַד, הָיָה מַזֶּה בַּשְּׁלִישִׁי וּבַשְּׁבִיעִי, וּמְגַלֵּחַ בַּשְּׁבִיעִי, וּמֵבִיא קָרְבְּנוֹתָיו בַּשְּׁמִינִי. וְאִם גִּלַּח בַּשְּׁמִינִי, מֵבִיא קָרְבְּנוֹתָיו בּוֹ בַיּוֹם, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא. אָמַר לוֹ רַבִּי טַרְפוֹן, מַה בֵּין זֶה לַמְּצֹרָע. אָמַר לוֹ, זֶה טָהֳרָתוֹ תְלוּיָה בְיָמָיו, וּמְצֹרָע טָהֳרָתוֹ תְלוּיָה בְתִגְלַחְתּוֹ, וְאֵינוֹ מֵבִיא קָרְבָּן אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן הָיָה מְעֹרַב שָׁמֶשׁ:


מגלח בשביעי ומביא קרבן בשמיני – as It is written (Numbers 6:9-10): “[If a person dies suddenly near him, defiling his consecrated hair,] he shall shave his head on the day he becomes clean; he shall shave it on the seventh day. On the eighth day he shall bring two turtledoves or two pigeons [to the priest, at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting],” and a lamb for a guilt offering (see verse 12).

מה בין זה למצורע – as it is written in the portion of the leper in the second shaving (Leviticus 14:9-10): “On the seventh day he shall shave off he shall shave off all his hair…,” on the eighth day he shall take [two male lambs without blemish, one ewe lamb in its first year without blemish].” And we hold with regard to a leper, that if he shaves on the eighth day, he brings the sacrifice on the ninth [day].

אמר לו שזה טהרתו תלויה בימיו – For a Nazirite, his [ritual] purification is dependent upon sparkling on the third [day] and on the seventh [day] and ritual immersion’; therefore, since he became pure on the seventh day, even though he had not shaved until the eighth day, he bring his sacrifices on that selfsame day.

אבל מצורע טהרתו תלויה בתגלחתו – as it is written (Leviticus 14:9): “on the seventh day he shall shave off all his hair” and afterwards it is written (ibid.): “and bathe his body in water; [then he shall be clean],” but if he immersed prior to shaving, the immersion does not count for him; therefore, if he shaved on the eighth day, he yet requires [ritual] immersion at sunset, therefore, he cannot bring his sacrifices until the ninth [day], and the Halakha is according to Rabbi Akiva.

מגלח בשביעי ומביא קרבן בשמיני. כדכתיב (שם) וגלח ראשו ביום טהרתו ביום השביעי יגלחנו. וביום השמיני יביא שתי תורים וגו׳ וכבש לאשם:

מה בין זה למצורע. דכתיב בפרשת מצורע בתגלחת שניה (ויקרא י״ד:ט׳) והיה ביום השביעי יגלח את כל שערו וכו׳. וביום השמיני יקח וכו׳. וקיי״ל במצורע דאם גלח בשמיני מביא קרבן בתשיעי:

אמר לו שזה טהרתו תלויה בימיו. נזיר טהרתו תלויה בהזאת שלישי ושביעי וטבילה, הלכך כיון שטהר בשביעי אע״פ שלא גלח עד יום השמיני, מביא קרבנותיו בו ביום:

אבל מצורע טהרתו תלויה בתגלחתו. כדכתיב (שם) ביום השביעי יגלח את כל שערו והדר כתיב ורחץ את בשרו במים, ואם טבל עד שלא גלח לא עלתה לו טבילה, הלכך אם גלח בח׳ אכתי צריך טבילה והערב שמש, הלכך אינו יכול להביא קרבנותיו עד תשיעי. והלכה כר״ע: