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Mishnayos Menachos Perek 13 Mishnah 2

מנחות פרק י"ג משנה ב׳


If one says: It is incumbent upon me to bring a meal offering, or: It is incumbent upon me to bring a type of meal offering, he must bring one meal offering. If he says: It is incumbent upon me to bring meal offerings, or: It is incumbent upon me to bring meal offerings of a certain type, he must bring two. If he says: I specified a meal offering but I do not know which meal offering I specified, he must bring all five types of meal offerings. If one says: I specified a meal offering of tenths of an ephah but I do not know how many tenths I specified, he must bring a meal offering of sixty-tenths of an ephah. Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi says: His obligation is satisfied only when he brings meal offerings of all sizes, in increments of tenths of an ephah, ranging from one-tenth of an ephah to sixty-tenths, for a total of sixty meal offerings with a total volume of 1,830 tenths of an ephah, or 183 ephahs. He fulfills his vow with one of the meal offerings, and the rest are rendered voluntary meal offerings.

מִנְחָה, מִין הַמִּנְחָה, יָבִיא אֶחָת. מְנָחוֹת, מִין הַמְּנָחוֹת, יָבִיא שְׁתָּיִם. פֵּרַשְׁתִּי וְאֵינִי יוֹדֵעַ מַה פֵּרַשְׁתִּי, יָבִיא חֲמִשְׁתָּן. פֵּרַשְׁתִּי מִנְחָה שֶׁל עֶשְׂרוֹנִים וְאֵינִי יוֹדֵעַ מַה פֵּרַשְׁתִּי, יָבִיא מִנְחָה שֶׁל שִׁשִּׁים עִשָּׂרוֹן. רַבִּי אוֹמֵר, יָבִיא מְנָחוֹת שֶׁל עֶשְׂרוֹנִים מֵאֶחָד וְעַד שִׁשִּׁים:


מנחה מין המנחה – he who says, “I pledge myself to bring a meal-offering,” or a kind of meal-offering.

יביא אחת – from the meal-offerings that are mentioned in the portion (i.e., choice flour, in a deep and covered pan, in a pan -without a lid, baked loaves and/or baked wafers).

מנחות – are upon me [as a pledge to bring] or that he states: “from a kind/species of the meal offerings are upon me,” he would bring two meal-offerings from one kind.

פירשתי – kids of meal-offerings that I would bring, but I don’t know how many kinds they are that I vowed to bring.

מביא חמשתן – a meal-offering of choice flour, a meal-offering in a deep and covered pan, a meal- offering in a pan-without a lid, a meal-offering of that which is baked in an oven and it comes from two kinds – loaves and wafers.

... 6) Rebbi says: Since it says 'mincha [shel esronim],' it means he specified one [amount]. Perhaps he specified to bring a mincha of one issaron; if he brings 60 issaron in place of [lit. 'in the vessel of] one issaron, it could be an extraneous mincha. Rebbi is of the opinion that since he specified exaclt how big the mincha will be, [he must bring that exact one], therefore he must bring 60 menachot from 1 through 60, one of 1 issaron, one of two issarons, one of three, one of four, until 60. He will find himself bringing in total 1830 issaron of flour, and for certain one of them will fulfill his vow, and it is not a Nedava. The halacha is not according to Rebbi. [If you specified, and forget what you specified, you bring only a 60 issaron mincha.]

יביא ששים עשרון – for more than this he is not able to supply. But if he vowed less than this, if does not matter to us, for he makes a condition and states how many he specified will be for my vow and the rest will be a free-will offering (see also, Mishnah 8 in this chapter).

רבי אומר – since he said “a meal-offering,” that implies one, so we see, he established it in one utensil, but if he would bring sixty in one utensil, perhaps he vowed less than this, it would be an additional meal-offering, for Rabbi holds that the appointment of a portion is substantial, therefore, he should bring sixty meal-offerings from one until sixty, one of one Isaron, and one of two {Esronim] and one of three [Esronim] and one of four [Esronim] until sixty. That it is found that he brings among them all one thousand eight hundred and thirty Esronim, for certainly vowed one of them, but it is not a free-will offering. But the Halakha is not according to Rabbi [Judah the Prince].

מנחה מין המנחה. האומר הרי עלי מנחה, או מין מנחה:

יביא אחת מן המנחות האמורות בפרשה:

מנחות עלי. או שאומר מין מנחות עלי, יביא שתי מנחות ממין אחד:

פירשתי. מיני מנחות שאביא, ואיני יודע כמה מינים הם שנדרתי להביא:

מביא חמשתן. מנחת סולת, מנחת מרחשת, מנחת מחבת, מנחת מאפה תנור והיא באה שני מינים, חלות ורקיקין:

פירשתי מנחה של עשרונים בכלי אחד, ואיני יודע כמה עשרונים קבעתי בה:

יביא ששים עשרון. דטפי מהכי ליכא לספוקי. ואי בציר מהכי נדר לא איכפת לן, דמתנה ואומר כמה שפירשתי יהא לנדרי והשאר יהא לנדבה:

רבי אומר. כיון דאמר מנחה דמשמע חדא, אלמא בכלי אחד קבעה, ואם יביא ששים בכלי אחד, שמא בציר מהכי נדר והוי מנחה יתירה, דאית ליה לרבי דקביעותא דמנא מלתא היא, הלכך יביא ששים מנחות מאחת ועד ששים, חדא של עשרון אחד, וחדא של שנים, וחדא של שלשה, וחדא של ארבע, עד ששים. שנמצא מביא בין הכל אלף שמונה מאות ושלשים עשרון, דודאי חדא מינייהו נדר, ואינך נדבה. ואין הלכה כרבי: