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Mishnayos Menachos Perek 11 Mishnah 2

מנחות פרק י"א משנה ב׳


In the case of both the two loaves and the shewbread, the kneading of their dough and the forming of their loaves take place outside the Temple courtyard, but their baking takes place inside the Temple courtyard. And their preparation does not override Shabbat. Rabbi Yehuda says: All of the procedures involved in their preparation take place inside the courtyard. Rabbi Shimon says: One should always be accustomed to say that the two loaves and the shewbread are fit if they were prepared in the Temple courtyard and they are also fit if they were prepared in Beit Pagei, outside the Temple Mount, as he maintains that they may be baked outside the Temple courtyard.

אֶחָד שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם וְאֶחָד לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, לִישָׁתָן וַעֲרִיכָתָן בַּחוּץ, וַאֲפִיָּתָן בִּפְנִים, וְאֵינָן דּוֹחוֹת אֶת הַשַּׁבָּת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, כָּל מַעֲשֵׂיהֶם בִּפְנִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, לְעוֹלָם הֱוֵי רָגִיל לוֹמַר, שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים כְּשֵׁרוֹת בָּעֲזָרָה, וּכְשֵׁרוֹת בְּבֵית פָּאגִי:


לישתן ועריכתן בחוץ ואפייתן בפנים – but the reason for this matter is not explained in the Gemara, why their kneading and their rolling is outside [the Temple courtyard] but their baking is inside [the Temple courtyard].

ואינן דוחות את השבת – their baking.

וכשרות בבית פאגי – Maimonides states that it is a place close to the Temple Mount from outside (see Tractate Menahot, Chapter 7, Mishnah 3 – as a special place for the baking of meal-offerings) that they would bake the meal-offerings thee. From the language of (Daniel 1:12-13): “[Please test your servants for ten days, giving us legumes to eat and water to drink. Then compare our appearance with that of the youths] who eat of the king’s food, [and do with your servants as you see fit].” But the Halakha is onot other than according to the words of the first Tanna/teacher.

לישתן ועריכתן בחוץ ואפייתן בפנים. לא אתברירא טעמא דהא מלתא בגמרא אמאי לישתן ועריכתן בחוץ ואפייתן בפנים:

ואינן דוחות את השבת. אפייתן:

וכשרות בבית פאגי. רמב״ם אומר שהוא מקום סמוך להר הבית מחוץ, ששם היו אופים המנחות. מלשון פת בג המלך. ואין הלכה אלא כדברי תנא קמא: