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Mishnayos Meilah Perek 2 Mishnah 6

מעילה פרק ב׳ משנה ו׳


One is liable for misuse of the two loaves brought on the festival of Shavuot from the moment that they were consecrated. Once they formed a crust, they were rendered susceptible to disqualification for sacrifice through contact with one who immersed that day, and through contact with one who has not yet brought an atonement offering, and through its blood being left overnight, and they are rendered eligible to slaughter with them the accompanying offering of the two lambs. Once the blood of the lambs is sprinkled, one is liable to receive karet for eating the loaves, due to violation of the prohibition of piggul, and the prohibition of notar, and the prohibition of partaking of consecrated food while ritually impure. And they are not subject to the halakhot of misuse, as at that point their consumption is permitted.

שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם, מוֹעֲלִין בָּהֶן מִשֶּׁהֻקְדְּשׁוּ. קָרְמוּ בַתַּנּוּר, הֻכְשְׁרוּ לְהִפָּסֵל בִּטְבוּל יוֹם וּבִמְחֻסַּר כִּפּוּרִים וְלִשְׁחֹט עֲלֵיהֶם אֶת הַזָּבַח. נִזְרַק דָּמָן שֶׁל כְּבָשִׂים, חַיָּבִין עֲלֵיהֶן מִשּׁוּם פִּגּוּל, נוֹתָר וְטָמֵא, וְאֵין בָּהֶן מְעִילָה:


שתי הלחם – that we bring on Shavuot/Atzeret.

קרמו פני הלחם בתנור (when they have formed a crust in the oven) – which is the beginning of their establishment, but this formation of a light crust on the dough is considered rendering fit to be made invalid by a Tevul Yom/one who immersed himself that day [but had to wait until sunset to be pure] and those lacking atonement [through bringing a sacrifice], like the ritual slaughtering of something of the Holy of Holies. But here, we don’t have the reading, "ובלינה" /being left overnight (which is found in the earlier Mishnayot of this chapter), because the “two loaves” are baked from the eve of the Festival [of Shavuot] and their baking does not supersede the festival and are eaten on the morrow on the Festival. But they are rendered fit to slaughter upon them the sacrifice, for since they have formed a light crust on their face, they are called, “bread.”

ואין בהם מעילה – for there is no period of availability for the Kohanim, and their commandment has already been fulfilled.

שתי הלחם. שמביאין בעצרת:

קרמו פני הלחם בתנור. היינו תחילת תיקונן, וההיא קרימה בתנור חשיבא הכשר ליפסל בטבול יום ומחוסר כיפורים כשחיטה דקדשי קדשים. והכא לא גרסינן ובלינה, משום דשתי הלחם נאפות מערב יום טוב שאין אפייתן דוחה את היו״ט ונאכלות למחר ביום טוב. והוכשרו לשחוט עליהן את הזבח, דכיון דקרמו פניה קרויה לחם:

ואין בהן מעילה. שיש בהן שעת היתר לכהנים וכבר נעשית מצותן: