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Mishnayos Machshirin Perek 5 Mishnah 1

מכשירין פרק ה׳ משנה א׳


One who immersed himself in a river and then there was in front of him another river and he crossed it, the second [water] purifies the first [water]. If his fellow pushed him in during exercise or his beast [pushed him in], the second [water] purifies the first [water]. But if [he did it] out of playfulness, it comes under the law of ‘if water be put’.

מִי שֶׁטָּבַל בַּנָּהָר, וְהָיָה לְפָנָיו נָהָר אַחֵר וְעָבַר בּוֹ, טִהֲרוּ שְׁנִיִּים אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנִים. דָּחָהוּ חֲבֵרוֹ לְשָׁכְרוֹ, וְכֵן לִבְהֶמְתּוֹ, טִהֲרוּ שְׁנִיִּים אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנִים. וְאִם כִּמְשַׂחֵק עִמּוֹ, הֲרֵי זֶה בְכִי יֻתַּן:


מי שטבל בנהר – and the water that is upon him makes him susceptible [for ritual impurity] for they (i.e., the waters) were acceptable/intentional.

והיה לפניו נהר אחר, ועבר בו – but the waters that are upon him from the second river are into acceptable/intentional and do not make him susceptible [for ritual impurity].

טיהרו – the waters of the second river [purified him], waters that were brought up with him from the [initial] ritual immersion, and neither set of waters make him susceptible [for ritual impurity].

דחיו – he (i.e., the other person, who was inebriated) pushed him [into the water].

לשכרו – that his friend was inebriated and through his drunkenness pushed him and caused him to fall into the river.

וכן לבהמתו – that as a result of his drunkenness, he caused his [fellow’s] animal to fall into the river, and the waters of ritual immersions that were upon him and upon his animal were intentional.

טיהרו שניים – that were [upon him] through the drunkenness [of his fellow] and not acceptable/intentional.

את הראשונים –[the waters of the first river which were made insusceptible] which were not acceptable/intentional

ואם כמשחק – his fellow [in jest] pushed him into the river or his animal/beast, also the second waters are under the law of “when water is put” (Leviticus 11:38), and all of them (both the first and the second set of waters) are acceptable/intentional.

מי שטבל בנהר. ומים שעליו מכשירין, שהרי לרצון הן:

והיה לפניו נהר אחר, ועבר בו. ומים שעליו מן הנהר השני אינן לרצון ואינן מכשירין:

טיהרו. מי הנהר השני, מים שהעלן עמו מן הטבילה, ואין מכשירין לא אלו ולא אלו:

דחיו. דחהו:

לשכרו. שהיה חברו שיכור ומתוך שכרותו דחהו והפילו בנהר:

וכן לבהמתו. שהפיל את הבהמה בשכרותו בנהר, והיו עליו מי טבילה, ועל הבהמה מים לרצון:

טיהרו שניים. שהיו על ידי שכרות ולא לרצון:

את הראשונים. שהיו לרצון:

ואם כמשחק. דחה את חברו בנהר או את הבהמה, גם השניים בכי יותן, דכולהו לרצון נינהו: