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Mishnayos Maasros Perek 3 Mishnah 3

מעשרות פרק ג׳ משנה ג׳


One who hired a worker to work with olives and he said to him, “On condition that I may eat the olives,” he may eat of them one at a time and be exempt [from tithes]. If, however, he gathered several together he is liable [for tithes]. [If he had been hired] to weed out onions, and he said to him, “On condition that I may eat the vegetables,” he may pluck leaf by leaf, and eat [without tithing]. If, however, he gathered several together, he is liable [for tithes].

הַשּׂוֹכֵר אֶת הַפּוֹעֵל לַעֲשׂוֹת בְּזֵיתִים, אָמַר לוֹ עַל מְנָת לֶאֱכֹל זֵיתִים, אוֹכֵל אֶחָד אֶחָד וּפָטוּר. וְאִם צֵרַף, חַיָּב. לְנַכֵּשׁ בִּבְצָלִים, אָמַר לוֹ עַל מְנָת לֶאֱכֹל יָרָק, מְקַרְטֵם עָלֶה עָלֶה וְאוֹכֵל. וְאִם צֵרַף, חַיָּב:


לעשות בזיתים – to hoe and to cover up the roots of olive trees under the olives, but not to harvest, for now, he does not eat from the laws of the Torah.

ואם צירף – two together, he liable, for this is something fixed/established.

לנכש בבצלים – to uproot the bad grasses that grow within the onions.

מקרסם – to cut, and it is similar to (Psalms 80:14): “wild boards gnaw at it [and creatures of the field feed on it?]”

לעשות בזיתים. לעדור ולקשקש תחת הזיתים, ולא ללקט, דהשתא אינו אוכל מן התורה:

ואם צירף. שנים ביחד חייב דהוי קבע:

לנכש בבצלים. לתלוש העשבים הרעים הגדלים בתוך הבצלים:

מקרסם. מחתך, ודומה לו יכרסמנה חזיר מיער (תהילים פ׳:י״ד):