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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 3 Mishnah 7

כתובות פרק ג׳ משנה ז׳


What is humiliation? How is the payment for humiliation during rape or seduction assessed? It is all based on the one who humiliated and the one who was humiliated. The price will vary depending on the lineage of the family of the rape victim and the nature of the attacker. How is her degradation assessed? One considers her as though she were a maidservant sold in the marketplace, and assesses how much she was worth beforehand and how much she is currently worth, after the rape or seduction. The sum of the fine is equal for all people, and the principle is: Any payment that has a fixed sum by Torah law is equal for all people, regardless of the lineage and the physical state of the attacker or the victim.

אֵיזוֹהִי בֹשֶׁת, הַכֹּל לְפִי הַמְבַיֵּשׁ וְהַמִּתְבַּיֵּשׁ. פְּגָם, רוֹאִין אוֹתָהּ כְּאִלּוּ הִיא שִׁפְחָה נִמְכֶּרֶת, כַּמָּה הָיְתָה יָפָה וְכַמָּה הִיא יָפָה. קְנָס, שָׁוֶה בְכָל אָדָם. וְכֹל שֶׁיֶּשׁ לוֹ קִצְבָּה מִן הַתּוֹרָה, שָׁוֶה בְכָל אָדָם:


הכל לפי המבייש – an average person who shames, his shame is harder than a despised person and/or from an important person. This is what I found in the explanations of my teachers. But in the [eight chapter of Bava Kamma], the Chapter of החובל /One who causes injury, I found that a simple person who is shamed, his shame is greater, and this is the essence (see the statement in Tractate Bava Kamma, Chapter 8, Mishnah 6: זה הכלל: הכל לפי כבודו – This is the general principle: Everything is according to one’s station/status).

והמתבייש – according to his importance is his shame.

כאילו היא שפחה – we appraise how much a man wants to give whether for a virgin maidservant or for a maidservant who has had intercourse to marry her to his servant whose master has satisfaction from him. And in the Gemara (Tractate Ketubot 40b) raises a question: from where [in the Torah] do we learn that he pays for shame, and damage and pain? I would say that the All-Merciful said (Deuteronomy 22:29): “fifty [shekels of] silver,” to all the words and he answers, Scripture states (Deuteronomy 22:29): “The man who lay her shall pay the girl’s father fifty [shekels of] silver,[and she shall be his wife].” The pleasure of lying is separate, the fifty [shekels of] silver is outside of the shame and the damage and the pain.

הכל לפי המבייש. אדם בינוני המבייש, בשתו קשה מאדם בזוי ומאדם חשוב. כך מצאתי בפירושי רבותי. ובפרק החובל מצאתי דאדם קל שבייש, בושתו מרובה. וכן עיקר:

והמתבייש. לפי חשיבותו בושתו:

כאילו היא שפחה. אומדין כמה אדם רוצה ליתן בין שפחה בתולה לשפחה בעולה להשיאה לעבדו שיש לרבו קורת רוח הימנו. ובגמרא פריך מנלן דנותן בושת ופגם וצער, אימא חמשים כסף אמר רחמנא לכל מילי. ומתרץ, אמר קרא (דברים כ״ב:כ״ט) ונתן האיש השוכב עמה לאבי הנערה חמשים כסף, הנאת שכיבה לבד היא חמשים כסף חוץ מהבושת והפגם והצער: