Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 2 Mishnah 9

כתובות פרק ב׳ משנה ט׳


In the case of a woman who was imprisoned by gentiles due to a monetary offense committed by her husband, once she is released after he pays his debt, she is permitted to her husband, even if he is a priest. There is no concern that they violated her because their objective is to coerce the husband to pay his debt in exchange for her release. Were they to abuse her, it is possible that he would be unwilling to pay. However, if a woman was imprisoned due to a capital offense and sentenced to death, once she is released she is forbidden to her husband even if he is not a priest due to the concern that perhaps her captors violated her, and she acquiesced to one of them. With regard to a city that was conquered by an army laying siege, all the women married to priests located in the city are unfit and forbidden to their husbands, due to the concern that they were raped. And if they have witnesses, even if the witness is a slave, even if the witness is a maidservant, both of whom are generally disqualified as witnesses, they are deemed credible. And a person is not deemed credible to establish his status by his own testimony. Therefore, a woman is not deemed credible to claim that she was not violated. Rabbi Zekharya ben HaKatzav said: I swear by this abode of the Divine Presence that my wife’s hand did not move from my hand from the time that the gentiles entered Jerusalem until they left, and I know for a fact that she was not defiled. The Sages said to him: A person cannot testify about himself. The legal status of one’s wife is like his own status in this regard. Therefore, your testimony is not accepted, and your wife is forbidden to you.

הָאִשָּׁה שֶׁנֶּחְבְּשָׁה בִידֵי גוֹיִם עַל יְדֵי מָמוֹן, מֻתֶּרֶת לְבַעְלָהּ. עַל יְדֵי נְפָשׁוֹת, אֲסוּרָה לְבַעְלָהּ. עִיר שֶׁכְּבָשָׁהּ כַּרְכּוֹם, כָּל כֹּהֲנוֹת שֶׁנִּמְצְאוּ בְתוֹכָהּ, פְּסוּלוֹת. וְאִם יֵשׁ לָהֶן עֵדִים, אֲפִלּוּ עֶבֶד, אֲפִלּוּ שִׁפְחָה, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ נֶאֱמָנִין. וְאֵין נֶאֱמָן אָדָם עַל יְדֵי עַצְמוֹ. אָמַר רַבִּי זְכַרְיָה בֶן הַקַּצָּב, הַמָּעוֹן הַזֶּה, לֹא זָזָה יָדָהּ מִתּוֹךְ יָדִי מִשָּׁעָה שֶׁנִּכְנְסוּ גוֹיִם לִירוּשָׁלַיִם וְעַד שֶׁיָּצָאוּ. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אֵין אָדָם מֵעִיד עַל יְדֵי עַצְמוֹ:


ע"י ממון מותרת לבעלה – for they are afraid of losing their money and don’t make it ownerless, and especially when the hand of the Israelites is strong over the idolaters, then she is permitted [to return] to her husband, even if her husband is a Kohen and it is not similar to a woman taken captive because they are frightened to lose their money, but when the hand of the idolaters is stronger, even through the case of money, she is prohibited to her husband if her husband is a Kohen, but if her husband is an Israelite, she is permitted in all matters, for the wife of an Israelite who meets with an accident is permitted to her husband.

כרכום – Aramaic translation is works of siege.

פסולות – they are prohibited to [marry] a Kohen for the wife of a Kohen is prohibited when she meets with an accident and if there is in the city a hiding place (see Tractate Ketubot 27a) that one woman can hide there, each one of the women of that city are believe to state, “I was hidden and I was not defiled,” and since she is able to say, “I was hidden,” she is believed; also when she stated: “I was not hidden and I was not defiled.”

המעון הזה – it is an oath.

אין אדם מעיד ע"י עצמו – and if a man testified about a woman taken captive that she is ritually pure, he should not marry her if he is a Kohen because of the suspicion and if he redeemed her from prison with his money, he may testify on her behalf and marries her for a person does not throw money at random (unless sure that there is no legal impediment to marrying the woman whom he is about to redeem)and if he did not known that she is pure, he would not give his money for her.

ע״י ממון מותרת לבעלה. שמפחדין להפסיד ממונם ולא מפקרי לה. ודוקא כשיד ישראל תקיפה על העובדי כוכבים אז מותרת לבעלה אפילו בעלה כהן, ולא דמי לשבויה, משום דמרתתי להפסיד ממונן. אבל כשיד העובדי כוכבים תקיפה, אפילו על ידי ממון אסורה לבעלה אם בעלה כהן. ואם בעלה ישראל מותרת בכל ענין, דאשת ישראל שנאנסה מותרת לבעלה:

על ידי נפשות. שהיתה נידונת למות, אסורה אפילו לבעלה ישראל, דחיישינן שמא נבעלה ברצון לאחד מהן:

כרכום. תרגום מצור, כרכומא:

פסולות. אסורות לכהן, דאשת כהן אסורה כשנאנסה. ואם יש בעיר מחבואה אחת שיכולה אשה אחת להחבא שם, כל אחת ואחת מנשי העיר נאמנות לומר במחבואה נחבאתי ולא נטמאתי, ומתוך שיכולה לומר נחבאתי, נאמנת גם כן כשאמרה לא נחבאתי ולא נטמאתי:

המעון הזה. שבועה היא:

אין אדם מעיד ע״י עצמו. ואם העיד אדם על שבויה שהיא טהורה הרי זה לא ישאנה אם הוא כהן, מפני החשד. ואם פדה אותה מן השבי בממונו הרי זה מעיד עליה ונושאה, דלא שדי אינש זוזי בכדי, ואם לא ידע שהיא טהורה לא נתן ממונו עליה: