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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 12 Mishnah 2

כתובות פרק י"ב משנה ב׳


If the daughter was married during this period, her husband provides her with the sustenance customarily provided by a husband for his wife, and the two men obligated to sustain her due to agreements with her mother provide her with the monetary value of the sustenance. If the two husbands of the mother died, their daughters are sustained from unsold property, and she, their wife’s daughter, whom they agreed to sustain, is sustained even from liened property that was sold. This is due to the fact that her legal status is like that of a creditor, given that he is contractually obligated to support her. The perspicacious ones would write an explicit stipulation into the agreement: I agree on the condition that I will sustain your daughter for five years only as long as you are with me. Then they would not be obligated to sustain a girl who is not their daughter when they are no longer married to the girl’s mother.

נִשֵּׂאת, הַבַּעַל נוֹתֵן לָהּ מְזוֹנוֹת וְהֵן נוֹתְנִין לָהּ דְּמֵי מְזוֹנוֹת. מֵתוּ, בְּנוֹתֵיהֶן נִזּוֹנוֹת מִנְּכָסִים בְּנֵי חוֹרִין וְהִיא נִזּוֹנֶת מִנְּכָסִים מְשֻׁעְבָּדִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא כְבַעֲלַת חוֹב. הַפִּקְחִים הָיוּ כוֹתְבִים, עַל מְנָת שֶׁאָזוּן אֶת בִּתֵּךְ חָמֵשׁ שָׁנִים כָּל זְמַן שֶׁאַתְּ עִמִּי:


בנותיהן ניזונות מנכסים בני חורין – but not mortgaged [properties] for we do not release for the support of the wife and the daughters from mortgaged properties because of the welfare of the world, for those who bought the property do not know how much food provisions will cost so that they would beware to leave them a place from which to collect.

והיא ניזונת – that same daughter.

שהיא כבעלת חוב – for she has upon them a document of support (i.e., food).

כל זמן שאת עמי – and not if I die or if you die or I will divorce you.

בנותיהן ניזונות מנכסים בני חורין. ולא ממשועבדים, שאין מוציאים למזון האשה והבנות מנכסים משועבדים, מפני תיקון העולם, שאין הלקוחות יודעים כמה יעלו המזונות כי היכי דליזהרו להניח להם מקום לגבות:

והיא ניזונת. אותה הבת:

שהיא כבעלת חוב. שיש לה עליהן שטר מזונות:

כל זמן שאת עמי. ולא אם אמות או תמותי או אגרשך: