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Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 10 Mishnah 2

כתובות פרק י׳ משנה ב׳


In the case of one who was married to two women and the women died, and subsequently he died, and the orphans of one of the wives are now seeking to collect the payment specified in their mother’s marriage contract, i.e., the marriage contract concerning male children, but there is only enough in the estate to pay the value of the two marriage contracts, the marriage contract concerning male children cannot be collected, and the sons distribute the estate equally among themselves according to the biblical laws of inheritance. If there was a surplus of a dinar left there, in the estate, beyond the value of the two marriage contracts, then these sons collect their mother’s marriage contract and those sons collect their mother’s marriage contract, and the remaining property valued at a dinar is divided equally among all the sons. If the orphans who are entitled to receive the marriage settlement of greater value say: We inflate the value of our father’s property by a dinar, i.e., we agree to evaluate the property we will receive for our mother’s marriage settlement at a value higher than the market value so that there will be a dinar left in the estate after the two marriage contracts have been paid, so that they can collect their mother’s marriage contract, the court does not listen to them. Rather, the value of the property is appraised in court, and the distribution of the estate is based on that evaluation.

מִי שֶׁהָיָה נָשׂוּי שְׁתֵּי נָשִׁים וּמֵתוּ וְאַחַר כָּךְ מֵת הוּא, וִיתוֹמִים מְבַקְשִׁים כְּתֻבַּת אִמָּן וְאֵין שָׁם אֶלָּא שְׁתֵּי כְתֻבּוֹת, חוֹלְקִין בְּשָׁוֶה. הָיָה שָׁם מוֹתַר דִּינָר, אֵלּוּ נוֹטְלִין כְּתֻבַּת אִמָּן וְאֵלּוּ נוֹטְלִין כְּתֻבַּת אִמָּן. אִם אָמְרוּ יְתוֹמִים, אֲנַחְנוּ מַעֲלִים עַל נִכְסֵי אָבִינוּ יָתֵר דִּינָר, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּטְּלוּ כְתֻבַּת אִמָּן, אֵין שׁוֹמְעִין לָהֶן, אֶלָּא שָׁמִין אֶת הַנְּכָסִים בְּבֵית דִּין:


ויתומים מבקשים כתובת אמן – since the Ketubah [of] their mother was greater than that of the other, and her children say that the Ketubah of the male issue is taken, and similarly you (the children of the other wife) and the rest we will divide.

חולקים בשוה – like the rest of all the inheritances and they don’t take the Ketubah of male issue.

אם אמרו יתומים – the children of the larger Ketubah.

הרי אנו מעלין על נכסי אבינו – we reckon their funds upon us to receive them as of a higher price in order that there will an additional Denar and they take the Ketubah of their mother.

ויתומים מבקשים כתובת אמן. שכתובה של אחת מרובה משל חברתה, ואומרים בניה כתובת בנין דכרין ניטול, וכן אתם, והשאר נחלוק:

חולקים בשוה. כשאר כל הירושות, ואין נוטלים כתובת בנין דכרין:

אם אמרו יתומים. בני הכתובה הגדולה:

הרי אנו מעלין על נכסי אבינו. מעלין דמיהן לקבלם עלינו ביוקר כדי שיהיה שם מותר דינר ויטלו כתובת אמן: