Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Kesuvos Perek 1 Mishnah 9

כתובות פרק א׳ משנה ט׳


Similarly, if a single woman was pregnant, and people said to her: What is the nature of this fetus? And she says to them: It is from a man called so-and-so and he is a priest; Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Eliezer say: She is deemed credible, and Rabbi Yehoshua says: It is not based on the statement emerging from her mouth that we conduct our lives. Rather, she assumes the presumptive status of one who conceived from a Gibeonite or a mamzer, until she brings proof supporting her statement.

הָיְתָה מְעֻבֶּרֶת, וְאָמְרוּ לָהּ מַה טִּיבוֹ שֶׁל עֻבָּר זֶה. מֵאִישׁ פְּלוֹנִי וְכֹהֵן הוּא. רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל וְרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמְרִים, נֶאֱמֶנֶת. רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר, לֹא מִפִּיהָ אָנוּ חַיִּין, אֶלָּא הֲרֵי זוֹ בְחֶזְקַת מְעֻבֶּרֶת לְנָתִין וּלְמַמְזֵר, עַד שֶׁתָּבִיא רְאָיָה לִדְבָרֶיהָ:


מה טיבו של עובר זה וכו' – Rabban Gamaliel states that she is to be believed and she and are daughter are fit to [be married into] the priesthood. But [concerning] the matter of inheritance, Rabban Gamaliel did not state that this fetus should inherit him, and the Halakha is according to Rabban Gamaliel in all the sections of our Mishnah. And even so, ab initio, she should not marry into the priesthood – neither one who speaks (i.e., one who has had sexual relationships) with one person and not the pregnant, other than if most of the people of the city are of traceable genealogy and this particular woman was impregnated from one of them who had separated himself outside of the city and had sexual relations [with her], for we say: “whatever comes out of a mixed multitude is presumed to have come from the majority “(i.e., has the legal status of the majority -see Talmud Ketubot 15a and Zevahim 73a), and so, she may marry into the priesthood whether she or her daughter.

מה טיבו של עובר זה וכו׳ רבן גמליאל אומר נאמנת, וכשרים לכהונה היא ובתה. אבל לענין ירושה לא אמר רבן גמליאל שזה העובר יירשנו. והלכה כרבן גמליאל בכל הני בבי דמתניתין. ואפילו הכי לכתחילה לא תנשא לכהונה לא המדברת עם אחד ולא המעוברת, אלא אם כן היו רוב אנשי העיר מיוחסים ונבעלה זאת האשה מאחד מהם שפירש חוץ לעיר ובעל, דאמרינן כל דפריש מרובא פריש, ואז תנשא לכתחלה לכהונה בין היא בין בתה: