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Mishnayos Kerisos Perek 5 Mishnah 4

כריתות פרק ה׳ משנה ד׳


The mishna resumes discussion of the provisional guilt offering. If one had a piece of non-sacred meat and a piece of sacrificial meat, and he ate one of them and does not know which of them he ate, he is exempt from the obligation to bring a guilt offering for misuse of consecrated property. Rabbi Akiva deems him liable to bring a provisional guilt offering, in accordance with his opinion in the previous mishna that one brings a provisional guilt offering even in a case of uncertainty with regard to misuse. If he then ate the second piece, he brings a definite guilt offering, as it is certain that he ate the sacrificial meat. If one person ate the first piece and another person came and ate the second piece, this first person brings a provisional guilt offering and that second person brings a provisional guilt offering; this is the statement of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Shimon says: Both of them bring one definite guilt offering as partners, and they stipulate that the one who ate the non-sacred meat grants his share of the animal to the one who ate the sacrificial meat, and the guilt offering is sacrificed on his behalf. Rabbi Yosei says: Two people do not bring one guilt offering, as one may not sacrifice atonement offerings conditionally.

חֲתִיכָה שֶׁל חֻלִּין וַחֲתִיכָה שֶׁל קֹדֶשׁ, אָכַל אַחַת מֵהֶן וְאֵין יָדוּעַ אֵיזוֹ מֵהֶן אָכַל, פָּטוּר. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא מְחַיֵּב בְּאָשָׁם תָּלוּי. אָכַל אֶת הַשְּׁנִיָּה, מֵבִיא אָשָׁם וַדָּאי. אָכַל אֶחָד אֶת הָרִאשׁוֹנָה, וּבָא אַחֵר וְאָכַל אֶת הַשְּׁנִיָּה, זֶה מֵבִיא אָשָׁם תָּלוּי וְזֶה מֵבִיא אָשָׁם תָּלוּי, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, שְׁנֵיהֶם מְבִיאִים אָשָׁם אֶחָד. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אֵין שְׁנַיִם מְבִיאִים אָשָׁם אֶחָד:


ור' עקיבא מחייב – Rabbi Akiva, according to his reasoning, that requires a suspending reparation/guilt sacrifice on doubtful benefit from religious sacrilege.

שניהם מביאין אשם אחד – in partnership, and each one says to the other, “If you ae the piece of meat of Holy Things, may my portion be forgiven to you, and may the guilt offering be completely upon you.

אין שנים מביאים אשם אחד – for he (i.e., Rabbi Yosi) does not hold he condition for sacrifices, but if it is according to the words of the Sages, both of them are exempt; if it is according to Rabbi Akiva, each one brings a suspensive guilt offering. But the Halakha is according to the Sages, for one does not bring a suspensive guilt offering on doubtful religious sacrilege.

ור׳ עקיבא מחייב. ר׳ עקיבא לטעמיה, דמחייב אשם תלוי על ספק מעילות:

שניהם מביאין אשם אחד. בשותפות, ויאמר זה לזה אם אתה אכלת החתיכה של קודש יהא חלקי מחול לך ויהא אשם כולו עליך:

אין שנים מביאים אשם אחד. דלית ליה תנאי בקרבנות, אלא אם כדברי חכמים שניהם פטורים, אי כר׳ עקיבא כל אחד מביא אשם תלוי. והלכה כחכמים שאין מביאים אשם תלוי על ספק מעילות: