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Mishnayos Keilim Perek 20 Mishnah 4

כלים פרק כ׳ משנה ד׳


If a large trough was so damaged that it could no longer hold pomegranates and he fixed it to be used as a seat: Rabbi Akiva says that it is susceptible to uncleanness, But the sages say that it remains clean unless its rough parts have been smoothed. If it was turned into a feeding bowl for cattle, even if it was fixed to a wall, it is susceptible to uncleanness.

עֲרֵבָה גְדוֹלָה שֶׁנִּפְחֲתָה מִלְּקַבֵּל רִמּוֹנִים, וְהִתְקִינָהּ לִישִׁיבָה, רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא מְטַמֵּא. וַחֲכָמִים מְטַהֲרִין, עַד שֶׁיְּקַצֵּעַ. עֲשָׂאָהּ אֵבוּס לַבְּהֵמָה, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁקְּבָעָהּ בַּכֹּתֶל, טְמֵאָה:


עד שיקצע (until he smooths/cuts off/trims the rough parts) – that he would cut it off and establish it for sitting. And the Halakha is according to the Sages.

אע"פ שקבעה בכותל טמאה – through defilement through a corpse or a reptile. But it is not annulled from being a vessel, and we don’t say a vessel that is attached to the ground is like the ground itself, but rather only when it was attached/connected to the ground at its outset, or that it was made in order to serve the ground.

עד שיקצע. שיחתכנה ויתקננה לישיבה. והלכה כחכמים:

אע״פ שקבעה בכותל טמאה. טומאת מת או שרץ. ולא בטלה מתורת כלי ולא אמרינן כלי המחובר לקרקע כקרקע דמי אלא כשהיה מחובר לקרקע מתחלתו, או שנעשה כדי לשמש את הקרקע: