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Mishnayos Eruvin Perek 10 Mishnah 12

עירובין פרק י׳ משנה י"ב


One may restore the lower hinge pin of the door of a carriage, box, or cupboard that becomes dislocated to its place on Shabbat in the Temple, as this action is prohibited by rabbinic decree, which is not in effect in the Temple; but it may not be restored to its place in the rest of the country. And restoring the upper hinge pin is prohibited in both places, as this is considered building, a labor prohibited by Torah law, which applies everywhere. Rabbi Yehuda says: Restoring the upper hinge pin to its place is permitted in the Temple, while one may restore the lower one to its place even in the rest of the country.

מַחֲזִירִין צִיר הַתַּחְתּוֹן בַּמִּקְדָּשׁ, אֲבָל לֹא בַמְּדִינָה. וְהָעֶלְיוֹן, כָּאן וְכָאן אָסוּר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, הָעֶלְיוֹן בַּמִּקְדָּשׁ, וְהַתַּחְתּוֹן בַּמְּדִינָה:


מחזירין ציר התחתון – of the door for all the time that the upper hinge/pivot had not gone out, it is easy to restore it, and there is no “building” involved.

אבל לא במדינה – a decree lest he fasten it which is work.

העליון כאן וכאן אסור – for since the top [hinge] came out, all of it falls and it would be to him like “building.”

רבי יהודה אומר כו' – there is no building with utensils and there isn’t anything other than [the issue of] doing something forbidden by the Rabbis as being out of harmony with the celebration of the day. But the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Yehuda.

מחזירין ציר התחתון. של דלת, שכל זמן שלא יצא העליון נוח להחזירו ואין כאן בנין:

אבל לא במדינה. גזירה שמא יתקע, דהוי מלאכה:

והעליון כאן וכאן אסור. דכיון דיצא עליון כולו נופל והוה ליה כבונה:

רבי יהודה אומר כו׳ דס״ל אין בנין בכלים וליכא אלא שבות ובמקדש לא גזרו על השבות. ואין הלכה כר״י: