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Mishnayos Eruchin Perek 7 Mishnah 2

ערכין פרק ז׳ משנה ב׳


This is the halakha both with regard to a case where the owner redeems the field and a case where any other person redeems the field. What then is the difference between redemption by the owner and redemption by any other person? It is only that the owner gives an extra one-fifth in addition to the payment, and any other person who redeems the field does not give the additional one-fifth.

אֶחָד הַבְּעָלִים, וְאֶחָד כָּל הָאָדָם. מַה בֵּין הַבְּעָלִים לְבֵין כָּל הָאָדָם, אֶלָּא שֶׁהַבְּעָלִים נוֹתְנִים חֹמֶשׁ, וְכָל אָדָם אֵינוֹ נוֹתֵן חֹמֶשׁ:


ואחד כל אדם – who redeems a Bet Kor/an area requiring a Kor of seed, whether it is worth one-thousand shekel or whether it is not worth anything other than fifty shekel.

שהבעלים נותנים חומש – as it is written (Leviticus 27:19): “and if he who consecrated the land wishes to redeem itג, [he must add one-fifth to the sum at which it was assessed, and it will pass to him].”

ואחד כל האדם. פודה בית כור בחמשים שקל, בין שהוא שוה אלף שקלים בין שאינו שוה אלא חמשה שקלים:

שהבעלים נותנים חומש. כדכתיב (שם) ואם גאול יגאל את השדה המקדיש אותו וגו׳: