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Mishnayos Eduyos Perek 5 Mishnah 5

עדיות פרק ה׳ משנה ה׳


[In the case of] four brothers of whom two were married to two sisters, if those married to the sisters died, behold, these should perform halitzah and not enter into levirate marriage (with the brothers-in-law). If they went ahead and married them, they must put them away (divorce them). Rabbi Eliezer says in the name of Beth Shammai: they may keep them. But Beth Hillel say: they must put them away.

אַרְבָּעָה אַחִים, שְׁנַיִם מֵהֶם נְשׂוּאִין שְׁתֵּי אֲחָיוֹת, מֵתוּ הַנְּשׂוּאִים לַאֲחָיוֹת, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ חוֹלְצוֹת וְלֹא מִתְיַבְּמוֹת. וְאִם קָדְמוּ וְכָנְסוּ, יוֹצִיאוּ. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר מִשּׁוּם בֵּית שַׁמַּאי, יְקַיְּמוּ. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, יוֹצִיאוּ:


חולצות ולא מתיבמות – for since both of them are tied by their interdependence of a childless widow and her late husband’s brothers (i.e., they cannot marry otherwise until released from their dead husband’s brother) to this one and to that one first and if he (i.e., one of the brothers) marries the wife of a brother who died without issue, he strikes against the sister of his obligated leviratical relation who is like his wife.

משום ב"ש יקיימו וב"ה [אומרים] יוציאו – in the Gemara in [Tractate] Yevamot 28a in the chapter “Four Brothers” (chapter three), they reverse it, as the School of Shammai states that they should release her, and the School of Hillel states they should uphold it [and remain wed], and such is the Halakah that if he went ahead and married [the two sisters], they may remain wed.

חולצות ולא מתיבמות. דכיון דתרוייהו זקוקין להאי ולהאי, קמא דמיבם פגע באחות זקוקתו דהויא כאשתו:

משום בית שמאי יקיימו ובית הלל אומרים יוציאו. בגמרא ביבמות פרק ד׳ אחין מפכינן לה, ב״ש אומרים יוציאו וב״ה אומרים יקיימו. וכן הלכה שאם קדמו וכנסו יקיימו: