Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Chagigah Perek 1 Mishnah 6

חגיגה פרק א׳ משנה ו׳


With regard to one who did not celebrate by bringing the Festival peace-offering on the first day of the festival of Sukkot, he may celebrate and bring it during the entire remaining days of the pilgrimage Festival, and even on the final day of the Festival, i.e., on the Eighth Day of Assembly. If the pilgrimage Festival passed and one did not celebrate by bringing the Festival peace-offering, he is not obligated to pay restitution for it. Even if he consecrated an animal for this purpose and it was lost, once the Festival is over he has no obligation to replace it, as he has missed the opportunity for performing this mitzva. And about this it is stated: “That which is crooked cannot be made straight; and that which is wanting cannot be numbered” (Ecclesiastes 1:15).

מִי שֶׁלֹּא חַג בְּיוֹם טוֹב הָרִאשׁוֹן שֶׁל חָג, חוֹגֵג אֶת כָּל הָרֶגֶל וְיוֹם טוֹב הָאַחֲרוֹן שֶׁל חָג. עָבַר הָרֶגֶל וְלֹא חַג, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב בְּאַחֲרָיוּתוֹ. עַל זֶה נֶאֱמַר (קהלת א) מְעֻוָּת לֹא יוּכַל לִתְקֹן, וְחֶסְרוֹן לֹא יוּכַל לְהִמָּנוֹת:


מי שלא חג – He did not bring his Festival Peace-Offering and his burnt-offering of “appearance”/pilgrimage.

ויום טוב האחרון – Shemini Atzeret (sometimes called, “The Eighth Day of Solemn Assembly”); and even though it is a festival of its own, it is an indemnity of the First Day [of Sukkot]. And the holiday of Shavuot (sometimes called, “The Feast of Weeks”) also, even though it is not other than one day. But it has indemnity all seven, since we make an analogy of Biblical verses [in a comparison based upon close proximity] one with the other (Deuteronomy 16:16): “[Three times a year] – on the Feast of Unleavened Bread, on the Feast of Weeks and on the Feast of Booths – [all your males shall appear before the LORD your God….].” Just as Feast of Unleavened bread has תשלומין /indemnity all seven days, even the Feast of Weeks (i.e., Shavuot) has indemnity all seven days.

מי שלא חג. שלא הביא שלמי חגיגתו ועולת ראייתו:

ויום טוב האחרון. שמיני עצרת. ואע״ג דרגל בפני עצמו הוא, הוי תשלומין דראשון. וחג השבועות נמי אף על גב דלא הוי אלא יום אחד, יש לו תשלומין כל שבעה, מדאקשינהו קרא להדדי, בחג המצות ובחג השבועות ובחג הסוכות, מה חג המצות יש לו תשלומין כל שבעה אף חג השבועות יש לו תשלומין כל שבעה: