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Mishnayos Brachos Perek 8 Mishnah 7

ברכות פרק ח׳ משנה ז׳


The mishna cites an additional dispute: One who ate and forgot and did not recite a blessing; Beit Shammai say: He returns to the place where he ate and recites the blessing. Beit Hillel say: That is unnecessary. He recites the blessing at the place where he remembered. Both agree, however, that there is a limit with regard to how long after eating one may recite Grace after Meals. And until when does he recite the blessing? Until the food is digested in his intestines.

מִי שֶׁאָכַל וְשָׁכַח וְלֹא בֵרַךְ, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, יַחֲזֹר לִמְקוֹמוֹ וִיבָרֵךְ. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, יְבָרֵךְ בַּמָּקוֹם שֶׁנִּזְכָּר. עַד אֵימָתַי הוּא מְבָרֵךְ. עַד כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּתְעַכֵּל הַמָּזוֹן שֶׁבְּמֵעָיו:


שיתעכל המזון שבמעיו – As long as he is not hungry on account of that meal, it is a sign that the food was not consumed in his stomach. And specifically, [when] he forgot, the School of Hillel says that he should not go back, but if he did it on purpose, everyone agrees that he should return to the place [where he ate] and recite the blessing [of ברכת המזון].

שיתעכל המזון שבמעיו. כל זמן שאינו רעב מחמת אותה האכילה הוא סימן שלא נתעכל המזון. ודוקא בשכח אמרי בית הלל דאינו חוזר, אבל במזיד דברי הכל יחזור למקומו ויברך: