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Mishnayos Beitzah Perek 5 Mishnah 3

ביצה פרק ה׳ משנה ג׳


The status of animals and vessels on Festivals is as the feet of their owner, meaning that one’s animals and vessels are governed by his own travel limitations on Shabbat and Festivals. In the case of one who delivers his animal to his son or to a shepherd before the Festival to care for it, these are as the feet of the owner, rather than those of the son or the shepherd. Vessels that have been inherited by several brothers and have not been divided among them but are still owned jointly, if they are designated for the use of one of the brothers in the house and the other brothers have no part in them, these are as his feet, and they are subject to his travel limitations. And as for those that are not designated for any particular brother, these are as a place where they may all go. They are limited by the travel limitations of every one of the brothers, as when one brother made a joining of Shabbat boundaries [eiruv teḥumin] and the others did not.

הַבְּהֵמָה וְהַכֵּלִים כְּרַגְלֵי הַבְּעָלִים. הַמּוֹסֵר בְּהֶמְתּוֹ לִבְנוֹ אוֹ לְרוֹעֶה, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ כְרַגְלֵי הַבְּעָלִים. כֵּלִים הַמְיֻחָדִין לְאַחַד מִן הָאַחִין שֶׁבַּבַּיִת, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ כְרַגְלָיו. וְשֶׁאֵין מְיֻחָדִין, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ כִמְקוֹם שֶׁהוֹלְכִין:


כרגלי הבעלים – a person cannot bring it on the Festival other than where its owners are able to go.

או לרועה הרי אלו כרגלי הבעלים – Our Mishnah when there is in the city two shepherds, and we do not know which of them it would be [according to] the will of the owners, they are like status of the owner, if it was not with the shepherd while it was still day [prior to the start of the Festival]. But when the city lacks all but one shepherd, all the people of the city place their cattle in his domain and in having a Sabbath center, it would be like the status of the shepherd.

ושאינן מיוחדים – [not designated] to one of them, but rather to all of them.

הרי אלו כמקום שהולכין – to the place where all of them are able to go, it is permissible to bring the utensils, but if one of them made an Eruv at the end of two-thousand [cubits] to the north and the others did not make an Eruv, he delays them from being able to walk to the south even one step because of his portion, and they prevent him from going to the north, other than to the two-thousand cubits that are permitted to them.

כרגלי הבעלים. אין אדם יכול להוליכה ביו״ט אלא במקום שבעליה יכולים לילך:

או לרועה הרי אלו כרגלי הבעלים. מתניתין כשיש בעיר שני רועים, דלא ידעינן להי מינייהו הויא לה דעת בעלים, הלכך הרי הן כרגלי הבעלים אם אינה אצל הרועה מבעוד יום. אבל כשאין בעיר אלא רועה אחד, כל בני העיר מעמידין בהמתן ברשותו ובקניית שביתתו, והויא לה כרגלי הרועה:

ושאינן מיוחדים. לאחד מהן, אלא לכולן:

הרי אלו כמקום שהולכין. למקום שכולן יכולין לילך מותר להוליך את הכלים. אבל אם עירב אחד מהן לסוף אלפים לצפון והשאר לא עירבו, הוא מעכב על ידם מלהוליכה, לדרום אפילו פסיעה אחת מפני חלקו, והן מעכבין על ידו מלהוליכה לצפון, אלא אלפים אמה שהן מותרין בהן: