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Mishnayos Bechoros Perek 9 Mishnah 6

בכורות פרק ט׳ משנה ו׳


According to the opinion of Rabbi Elazar and Rabbi Shimon, with regard to all animals that are born from the first of Tishrei until the twenty-ninth of Elul, those animals join to be tithed together. If five were born before Rosh HaShana and five after Rosh HaShana, those animals do not join to be tithed together. If five were born before a time designated for gathering and five after that time designated for gathering, those animals join to be tithed together. If so, why were three times stated for gathering the animals for animal tithe? The reason is that until the time designated for gathering arrives it is permitted to sell and slaughter the animals. Once the time designated for gathering arrives one may not slaughter those animals before tithing them; but if he slaughtered an animal without tithing it he is exempt.

כָּל הַנּוֹלָדִים מֵאֶחָד בְּתִשְׁרֵי עַד עֶשְׂרִים וְתִשְׁעָה בֶּאֱלוּל, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מִצְטָרְפִין. חֲמִשָּׁה לִפְנֵי רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה וַחֲמִשָּׁה לְאַחַר רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה, אֵינָן מִצְטָרְפִין. חֲמִשָּׁה לִפְנֵי הַגֹּרֶן וַחֲמִשָּׁה לְאַחַר הַגֹּרֶן, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ מִצְטָרְפִין. אִם כֵּן לָמָּה נֶאֱמַר שָׁלשׁ גְּרָנוֹת לְמַעְשַׂר בְּהֵמָה, שֶׁעַד שֶׁלֹּא הִגִּיעַ הַגֹּרֶן, מֻתָּר לִמְכּוֹר וְלִשְׁחוֹט. הִגִּיעַ הַגֹּרֶן, לֹא יִשְׁחוֹט. וְאִם שָׁחַט, פָּטוּר:


כל הנולדים – this anonymous [Mishnah] is according to Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Shimon.

חמשה לפני ראש השנה – on account of that it (i.e., the Mishnah) has to teach five [days] before the threshing floor/harvest season and five days after the harvest season/threshing floor, they combine, he teaches also this.

לא ישחוט – for since according to the Rabbis, the threshing season established it for tithing.

ואם שחט פטור – and the cattle are permitted for consumption. For we don’t find eatables forbidden pending the giving of sacred gifts of the tithing of cattle, neither a negative commandment nor death [for failure to comply].

כל הנולדים. הך סתמא כר׳ אליעזר ור׳ שמעון:

חמשה לפני ראש השנה. אגב דבעי למתני חמשה לפני הגורן וחמשה לאחר הגורן מצטרפין, תנא נמי האי:

לא ישחוט. שהגורן קבעו למעשר מדרבנן:

ואם שחט פטור. ובהמה שריא באכילה. דלא אשכחן בטבל דמעשר בהמה לא לאו ולא מיתה: