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Mishnayos Bechoros Perek 2 Mishnah 9

בכורות פרק ב׳ משנה ט׳


With regard to an animal born by caesarean section and the offspring that follows it, since there is uncertainty whether each is a firstborn, neither is given to the priest. Rabbi Tarfon says: Both of them must graze until they become unfit, and they may be eaten in their blemished state by their owner. Rabbi Akiva says: Neither of them is firstborn; the first because it is not the one that opens the womb (see Exodus 13:12), as this animal did not itself open the womb, and the second because the other one preceded it.

יוֹצֵא דֹּפֶן וְהַבָּא אַחֲרָיו, רַבִּי טַרְפוֹן אוֹמֵר, שְׁנֵיהֶם יִרְעוּ עַד שֶׁיִּסְתָּאֲבוּ וְיֵאָכְלוּ בְמוּמָן לַבְּעָלִים. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, שְׁנֵיהֶן אֵינָן בְּכוֹר, הָרִאשׁוֹן מִשּׁוּם שֶׁאֵינוֹ פֶטֶר רֶחֶם, וְהַשֵּׁנִי מִשּׁוּם שֶׁקִּדְּמוֹ אַחֵר:


יוצא דפן (a fetus extracted by means of the cesarean section) – its mother was operated upon by a section and they removed the fetus through its walls.

והבא אחריו – that which is born after it through the path of the womb.

ירעו עד שיסתאבו – for it is doubtful to Rabbi Tarfon if the firstling of the offspring is holy even though it is not a firstling to the womb, such as a fetus extracted by means of cesarean section which is the first that is born even though it did not open up the womb. If it is a firstling to the womb, it is holy even though it is not the firstling to the offspring, as for example, that which comes after one born by means of cesarean section which is the first that opened the womb bur is not the firstling of the offspring since the one born by means of cesarian section preceded it. But from doubt, both are sent to pasture until they develop blemishes and their owners will consume them with their blemishes for perhaps, we require both [that it is the first to open the womb and the first one born] of them to be firstlings of offspring and to [the opening of] their wombs, but neither one of them is holy. But he who wants to exact [compensation] from his fellow bears the burden of proof. But for Rabbi Akiva, it is obvious to him that we require both [of these prerequisites] require, and not a single one of them is holy. And the Halakha is according to Rabbi Akiva.

יוצא דופן. שנקרעה אמו והוציאו העובר דרך דפנותיה:

והבא אחריו. הנולד אחריו דרך הרחם:

ירעו עד שיסתאבו. דמספקא ליה לר׳ טרפון אי בכור לולדות קדיש אף על פי שאינו בכור לרחמים, כגון יוצא דופן שהוא הראשון שנולד אף על פי שלא פטר הוא את הרחם, אי בכור לרחמים קדיש אף על פי שאינו בכור לולדות, כגון הבא אחר יוצא דופן שהוא הראשון שפטר את הרחם אבל אינו בכור לולדות שהרי יוצא דופן קדמהו. ומספיקא שניהם ירעו עד שיסתאבו ויאכלו במומן לבעלים, דשמא תרתי בעינן בכור לולדות ולרחמים ואין שום אחד מהן קדוש, והמוציא מחברו עליו הראיה. ור׳ עקיבא פשיטא ליה דתרווייהו בעינן ואין שום אחד מהן קדוש. והלכה כר׳ עקיבא: