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Mishnayos Bava Kamma Perek 9 Mishnah 3

בבא קמא פרק ט׳ משנה ג׳


If one gave items to craftsmen to fix and they damaged them, the craftsmen are liable to pay for the damage. For example, if one gave a chest, a box, or a cabinet to a carpenter to fix, and he damaged it, he is liable to pay. And a builder who committed to demolish a wall and while demolishing it he broke the stones, or who damaged them, is liable to pay. If he was demolishing on this side of the wall, and the wall fell from another side and caused damage, he is exempt from liability. But if a stone fell and caused damage due to the force of the blow, he is liable.

נָתַן לְאֻמָּנִין לְתַקֵּן, וְקִלְקְלוּ, חַיָּבִין לְשַׁלֵּם. נָתַן לְחָרָשׁ שִׁדָּה, תֵּבָה וּמִגְדָּל לְתַקֵּן, וְקִלְקֵל, חַיָּב לְשַׁלֵּם. וְהַבַּנַּאי שֶׁקִּבֵּל עָלָיו לִסְתֹּר אֶת הַכֹּתֶל, וְשִׁבֵּר אֶת הָאֲבָנִים אוֹ שֶׁהִזִּיק, חַיָּב לְשַׁלֵּם. הָיָה סוֹתֵר מִצַּד זֶה וְנָפַל מִצַּד אַחֵר, פָּטוּר. וְאִם מֵחֲמַת הַמַּכָּה, חַיָּב:


נתן לאומנין לתקן – he gave them wood to make a tool, and after the tool had been made, he ruined it, he (i.e., the artisan) is liable to pay the cost of the tool and not the cost of the wood alone.

נתן לחרש – now it comes to inform us that if he gave the made tool/utensil to the artisan to fix and he ruined it, he is liable to pay the cost of the tool/utensil. And the Mishnah taught the last clause to reveal [more] about the first clause [of the Mishnah], so that you should not say that the first clause is speaking of a formed tool/utensil.

שידה – a wooden wagon that is made to give transport for women.

נתן לאומנין לתקן. נתן להם עצים לעשות כלי. ולאחר שנעשה הכלי קלקלוהו, חייבים לשלם דמי הכלי ולא דמי עצים בלבד:

נתן לחרש. השתא אשמועינן שאם נתן כלי עשוי לאומן כדי לתקנו, וקלקלו, חייב לשלם דמי הכלי. ותנא סיפא לגלויי רישא, דלא תימא רישא מיירי בכלי עשוי:

שידה. עגלה של עץ העשויה למרכב נשים: