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Mishnayos Bava Kamma Perek 8 Mishnah 3

בבא קמא פרק ח׳ משנה ג׳


The mishna continues: One who strikes his father or his mother but did not cause them to have a bruise, and therefore is not liable to receive court-imposed capital punishment, and one who injures another on Yom Kippur, the punishment for which is not court-imposed capital punishment, is liable to pay for all of the five types of indemnity. One who injures a Hebrew slave is liable to pay for all of the five types of indemnity. This is except for compensation for loss of livelihood suffered during the time that the injured slave belongs to the one that injured him. Since the right to the slave’s labor belongs to his master, his inability to work is his master’s loss. One who injures a Canaanite slave belonging to others is liable to pay for all of the five types of indemnity. Rabbi Yehuda says: Canaanite slaves do not have humiliation, so the one who injures the slave pays only the other four types of indemnity.

הַמַּכֶּה אֶת אָבִיו וְאֶת אִמּוֹ וְלֹא עָשָׂה בָהֶם חַבּוּרָה, וְחוֹבֵל בַּחֲבֵרוֹ בְּיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים, חַיָּב בְּכֻלָּן. הַחוֹבֵל בְּעֶבֶד עִבְרִי, חַיָּב בְּכֻלָּן חוּץ מִן הַשֶּׁבֶת, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא שֶׁלּוֹ. הַחוֹבֵל בְּעֶבֶד כְּנַעֲנִי שֶׁל אֲחֵרִים, חַיָּב בְּכֻלָּן. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אֵין לָעֲבָדִים בֹּשֶׁת:


החובל בחבירו ביה"כ חייב – even though that in the entire Torah , a person who violates a transgression for which he is liable for flogging and payment, he is flogged but does not pay. Here, he pays and is not flogged. For in the commentary, the Torah widened the scope of the law concerning a person who strikes his fellow for payment and not for stripes, from what is written (Deuteronomy 19:21): “hand for hand,” which is money since it is written (Leviticus 24:19): “as he has done so shall it be done to him.” Why does it say “hand for hand?” But rather to include a person who strikes his fellow on Yom Kippur that pays and does not get flogged.

רבי יהודה אומר אין לעבדים בושת – as it is written (Deuteronomy 25:11): “If two men get into a fight with each other,” for whom that he has brotherhood, excluding a slave who lacks brotherhood. Ut the Halakha is not according to Rabbi Yehuda.

והחובל בחבירו ביום הכיפורים חייב. ואע״ג דבכל התורה כולה העובר עבירה שחייב עליה מלקות ותשלומין לוקה ואינו משלם, הכא משלם ואינו לוקה, דבפירוש ריבתה תורה חובל בחבירו לתשלומין ולא למלקות, מדכתיב (דברים י״ט:כ״א) יד ביד, דהיינו ממון, מכדי כתיב (ויקרא כ״ד:י״ט) כאשר עשה כן יעשה לו, יד ביד למה לי, אלא להביא חובל בחבירו ביום הכיפורים שמשלם ואינו לוקה:

רבי יהודה אומר אין לעבדים בושת. דכתיב (דברים כ״ה:י״א) כי ינצו אנשים יחדיו איש ואחיו, במי שיש לו אחוה, יצא עבד שאין לו אחוה. ואין הלכה כר׳ יהודה: