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Mishnayos Bava Basra Perek 6 Mishnah 5

בבא בתרא פרק ו׳ משנה ה׳


One who has ownership of a cistern located beyond the house of another, i.e., the cistern can be accessed only by entering the property of the other, and also has access rights to that cistern, may enter the house to access his cistern only at a time when it is usual for people to enter, and may leave only at a time when it is usual for people to leave. And in addition, he may not bring his animal into the house and water it from his cistern; rather, he must fill a pail with water from the cistern and water his animal outside. And this one, the owner of the cistern, constructs for himself a lock on the entrance to the cistern to prevent the homeowner from drawing water from it, and that one, the homeowner, constructs for himself a lock.

מִי שֶׁיֶּשׁ לוֹ בוֹר לִפְנִים מִבֵּיתוֹ שֶׁל חֲבֵרוֹ, נִכְנָס בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁדֶּרֶךְ בְּנֵי אָדָם נִכְנָסִין וְיוֹצֵא בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁדֶּרֶךְ בְּנֵי אָדָם יוֹצְאִין, וְאֵינוֹ מַכְנִיס בְּהֶמְתּוֹ וּמַשְׁקָהּ מִבּוֹרוֹ, אֶלָּא מְמַלֵּא וּמַשְׁקָהּ מִבַּחוּץ, וְזֶה עוֹשֶׂה לוֹ פוֹתַחַת וְזֶה עוֹשֶׂה לוֹ פוֹתָחַת:


בשעה שבני אדם נכנסים – during the daytime and not to trouble him to get up at night.

זה עושה לו פותחת – so that the owner of the house will not steal from his cistern, and the owner of the house makes another lock on the same door that opens to the well, so that he cannot come to draw water without the knowledge of the owner. And, he will not ever come into the house of the owner of the house other than if the owner of the house is at home, and they established this because of the suspicions of his wife.

בשעה שבני אדם נכנסים. ביום. ולא שיטריחהו לעמוד בלילה:

זה עושה לו פותחת. שלא יגנוב בעה״ב ממי בורו. ובעל הבית עושה לו פותחת אחרת באותו פתח הפתוח לבור, שלא יוכל לבא לשאוב בלא דעת בעל הבית, ולא יבא לעולם בביתו של בעה״ב אא״כ ישנו לבעל הבית בביתו. ומשום חשד אשתו תקנו כן: