Let's finish Mishnayos in memory of those who were murdered in Israel.
Pledge Mishnayos
Mishnah.org Logo

Mishnayos Bava Basra Perek 5 Mishnah 10

בבא בתרא פרק ה׳ משנה י׳


A wholesaler [hassiton] must clean his measuring vessels, which are used for measuring liquids such as oil and wine, once every thirty days, because the residue of the liquids sticks to the measure and reduces its capacity. And a homeowner who sells his goods must clean his measuring vessels only once every twelve months. Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel says: The matters are reversed. In the case of one who is constantly using his vessels for selling merchandise the residue does not adhere to the measuring vessel, and therefore a wholesaler must clean his measures only once a year. But in the case of a homeowner, who does not sell as often, the residue adheres to the measuring vessel; therefore, he must clean them every thirty days. A storekeeper, who constantly sells merchandise in small quantities, cleans his measuring vessels twice a week and cleans his weights once a week; and he cleans the pans of his scales after each and every weighing, to ensure that no merchandise has adhered to the pans, thereby increasing their weight.

הַסִּיטוֹן מְקַנֵּחַ מִדּוֹתָיו אַחַת לִשְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם, וּבַעַל הַבַּיִת אַחַת לִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, חִלּוּף הַדְּבָרִים. חֶנְוָנִי מְקַנֵּחַ מִדּוֹתָיו פַּעֲמַיִם בַּשַּׁבָּת, וּמְמַחֶה מִשְׁקְלוֹתָיו פַּעַם אַחַת בַּשַּׁבָּת, וּמְקַנֵּחַ מֹאזְנַיִם עַל כָּל מִשְׁקָל וּמִשְׁקָל:


הסיטון – a business man that purchases a lot together, and then goes back and sells to storekeepers bit by bit (i.e., wholesale provision dealer).

מקנח מדיותיו – for the wine and/or the oil hat became congealed in them and the measurement is lessened.

ובעל הבית – that doesn’t sell frequently like a wholesale provision dealer, cleanses them once a year.

פעמים בשבת – the storekeeper is not liable to drip three drops as the wholesale provision dealer and the owner as it remains in the utensil and cleaves to it.

וממחה – he cleanses the stones of his scales that he weighs on them a moist/liquid thing.

על כל משקל ומשקל – every time that he weighs something, he cleanses it/wipes it down.

הסיטון. סוחר שקונה הרבה ביחד וחוזר ומוכר לחנונים מעט מעט:

מקנח מדותיו. בשביל היין והשמן שנקרש בתוכם והמדה מתמעטת:

ובעל הבית. שאינו מוכר תדיר כסיטון, מקנח פעם אחת בשנה:

פעמים בשבת. שהחנוני אינו חייב להטיף שלש טפין כמו שחייב הסיטון ובעל הבית, ומשתייר בכלי ונדבק בו:

וממחה. מקנח אבני משקלותיו ששוקל בהן דבר לח:

על כל משקל ומשקל. כל פעם ששוקל מקנח: