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Mishnayos Avos Perek 3 Mishnah 4

אבות פרק ג׳ משנה ד׳


Rabbi Hananiah ben Hakinai said: one who wakes up at night, or walks on the way alone and turns his heart to idle matters, behold, this man is mortally guilty.

רַבִּי חֲנִינָא בֶן חֲכִינַאי אוֹמֵר, הַנֵּעוֹר בַּלַּיְלָה וְהַמְהַלֵּךְ בַּדֶּרֶךְ יְחִידִי וְהַמְפַנֶּה לִבּוֹ לְבַטָּלָה, הֲרֵי זֶה מִתְחַיֵּב בְּנַפְשׁוֹ:


"He who stays awake at night, and who wanders on a road alone": and thinks about idle things in his heart.

"this one is liable for [forfeiture of] his life": As night is the time of demons, and one who wanders on a road alone is in danger because of the brigands and several [other] bad occurrences; and if he had been thinking about words of Torah, it would have guarded him.

הַנֵּעוֹר בַּלַּיְלָה וְהַמְהַלֵּךְ בַּדֶּרֶךְ יְחִידִי. וּמְחַשֵּׁב בְּלִבּוֹ דִּבְרֵי הֲבַאי:

הֲרֵי זֶה מִתְחַיֵּב בְּנַפְשׁוֹ. לְפִי שֶׁלַּיְלָה הוּא זְמַן לַמַּזִּיקִים, וְהַמְהַלֵּךְ בַּדֶּרֶךְ יְחִידִי הוּא בְּסַכָּנָה מִפְּנֵי הַלִּסְטִים וְכַמָּה פְּגָעִים רָעִים, וְאִם הָיָה מְחַשֵּׁב בְּדִבְרֵי תּוֹרָה הָיְתָה מְשַׁמַּרְתּוֹ:


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